By Malcolm Schofield, Martha C. Nussbaum
The essays during this quantity have been written to have a good time the 60th birthday of G. E. L. Owen, who by way of his essays and seminars on old Greek philosophy has made a contribution to its learn that's moment to none. The authors, from each side of the Atlantic, comprise not just students whose major learn pursuits lie in Greek philosophy, yet others most sensible identified for his or her paintings often philosophy. All are students or more youthful colleagues of Professor Owen who're indebted to his perform of philosophical scholarship as a first-order philosophical job. on the center of G. E. L. Owen's paintings has been a preoccupation with the position of philosophical mirrored image on language within the metaphysics and epistemology of Plato, Aristotle and different old Greek thinkers. this can be consequently the final subject of the current quantity, which include 5 papers on Plato's severe dialogues and 7 on Aristotle, prefaced by way of on Heraclitus and by means of a examine of the talk in Hellenistic philosophy at the sorites. it is a e-book for experts in Greek philosophy and philosophers of language with a view to even be of curiosity to a few linguists.
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Extra info for Language and Logos: Studies in Ancient Greek Philosophy Presented to G. E. L. Owen
G. Empedocles] relax the rule,that this should always be so and speak of alternate states, in which the universe is now one and at peace through the power of love, and now many and at war with itself owing to some sort of Strife (Sophistes 242E). What scholars have concluded from these testimonia is that we have to choose between an oscillatory or Aristotelian interpretation of autonomy for which we have no Heraclitean authority. Insofar as Heraclitus himself offered any account of the differentiation of kinds of process or kinds of thing, he seems to have explained differentiation of things by reference to the difference of the processes underlying them, and differentiation of processes simply - alas - by a metaphor: 'God is day and night, winter and summer, war and peace, surfeit and hunger, but he takes various shapes, just as fire, when it is mingled with spices, is named according to the savour of each' (B63, trans.
But these are not the difficulties that Plato and his latter day followers are urging; and 'all the time everything is changing in all respects' is not quite what Plato reports Heraclitus as having said. Plato says that Heraclitus said that everything was on the move, was in a state of change, or flowed. g. reading Heraclitus as saying that all the time everything there is at that time is changing in respect of all its completely determinate qualia in every empirically definable property range): and it would then be hard to see why, even in a world satisfying this stringent specification, a persisting thing should not remain for the while within the set limits of transformations that preserve its integrity, and be reidentified there through simultaneous continuous change of position, continuous motion, continuous replacement of its constituent particles and continuous change of qualities.
He sharply rejects the claims to be guides i An earlier version of this approach to Heraclitus was presented in 'Heraclitus: Meaning and Understanding', a lecture delivered (under the auspices of the Arts Council of Great Britain) in the Serpentine Gallery, Kensington Gardens, London in September 1977, in connection with an exhibition of work by Ian Hamilton Finlay. I am greatly indebted to Ian Hamilton Finlay for the intellectual stimulus of his work in general, and of his response to Heraclitus in particular.
Language and Logos: Studies in Ancient Greek Philosophy Presented to G. E. L. Owen by Malcolm Schofield, Martha C. Nussbaum