By G. Zuckermann

ISBN-10: 140391723X

ISBN-13: 9781403917232

Israeli Hebrew is a spoken language, 'reinvented' over the process the 20th century. It has replied to the social calls for of the newly rising nation, in addition to to escalating globalization, with a vigorously constructing lexicon, enriched by way of touch with a number of international languages. during this specific and rigorous examine, the writer offers a principled class of neologisms, their semantic fields and the jobs of resource languages, in addition to a sociolinguistic examine of purists' and traditional local audio system' attitudes in the direction of lexical enrichment. His research of the strain among linguistic creativity and the maintenance of a special langauge identification takes the dialogue past the case of Israeli Hebrew, via leading edge comparisons with different languages. initially of the 3rd millennium, our international is characterised by way of all over the world communique and the great distribution of technological and talknological units. The mobility of the observe respects no borders and the level of that mobility is probably not paralleled even in destiny (less heterogeneous) generations. The learn of the modes and dynamics of language touch might not often be extra well timed.

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These same speakers are unaware that many prescriptive neologisms, for instance those from the assembly line of the Hebrew Language Council (henceforth, HLC) and AHL, which some regard as canon law, are technically identical to lay FENs. 3 Phonetic matching (PM) Unlike morphemic adaptation, which only uses TL grammatical morphemes such as noun-patterns, phonetic matching is a neologization which makes use of pre-existent full TL/SL2 lexical items to replace the SLi word. I define phorietic matching (PM) as MSN in which the TL/SL2 material is originally related to the SLi lexical item phonetically, not semantically.

The aphetic form 'sparagus displaced the pre-existent E sperage, but was itself 'corrupted' by GPE before 1650 to sparagrass and sparrow-grass. The latter term remained the common name for Botanists' asparagus during the eighteenth century. During the nineteenth century asparagus returned to common use, leaving sparrow-grass to the illiterate, although the ellipsis grass still occurred in cookery books. 36 cf. Ar. isfa:'nax] 'spinach' (cf. Wehr 1 9 9 4 : 2 0 b ) (cf. Ar. £ [sa'ba:nix] 'spinach'), which has been suggested to be the ultimate origin o f Intl spinach (cf.

E. 'be in that place (in the Siris, the name of two rivers, one in Ethiopia (the Nile) and one in Italy) and you'd be able to avoid evils'. ' Efraim Luzzatto (1729-92) wrote the following Italo-Hebraic poem on an anonymous tombstone (see Luzzatto 1942:48, first published 1768):33 Italian Ah! l'uom misero 6 Se notte, e di, pene, e lai, crime! suol cibar. Chi nasce muor; animati, Avoi giammai awenga mal ah! che passo! 6ITIE! JrfOlJibta. awen Ta'mal, hah,kT'passa. ConUkr. KaxepHHa, MOJIOAHUJI, [npH] fium CIO^H katerfna cf.

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Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew (Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change) by G. Zuckermann


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