By John A. Peeler

Utilizing the situations of Columbia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela, Peeler compares the evolution and upkeep of liberal democratic regimes within the Latin American context. those regimes are proven to be items of the traditional Latin American political strategies, lower than specific stipulations that experience approved lodging among rival political and fiscal elites. the writer argues that those liberal democracies are essentially just like these in different elements of the world.

Originally released in 1985.

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This reactionary civil-military alliance lasted until 1943, when it was deposed by a coup of pro-Axis, nationalistic junior officers, including Col. Juan Peron. Peron used his 26 Latin American Democracies position as minister of labor to build a clientele among the working class, never before politically mobilized in Argentina. With the Allied victory, Peron deemphasized his protofascism in favor of a worker-oriented populism (with the support and encouragement of his second wife, Evita) and established a supremacy that lasted until the economy turned sour in the early 19505.

Yet it is too easy simply to dismiss these liberal institutions as vain fictions. No country went very long without a duly enacted constitution and formal elections of executive and legislative officials, even though it was understood that these exercises would normally be controlled. Formally liberal institutions became essential in Latin America in the nineteenth century, and they remain so today. There were several reasons for this. Theory and Practice 23 First, given the liberal hegemony in the Atlantic world, many members of the Latin American ruling classes really believed that a good society was a liberal society, economically, politically, and culturally.

Thereafter, PLN administrations alternated with shifting coalitions of anti-PLN conservative forces (except for 1970 and 1974, when the PLN won consecutively). The Costa Rican democracy has remained procedurally flawed by prolonged efforts to outlaw the Communist party and by the retention of a literacy requirement for voting (mitigated by a literacy rate of over 90 percent). The regime has been stable, though seemingly unable to generate structural reforms. Its stability is currently threatened by a prolonged economic crisis.

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Latin American democracies : Colombia, Costa Rica, Venezuela by John A. Peeler

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