By Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

ISBN-10: 3527320385

ISBN-13: 9783527320387

The one booklet devoted to membrane expertise, overlaying the entire various cutting edge membrane parts from separation to contactors, and concerning them as unit operations in procedure engineering.
the categorical power of those complex new operations is analyzed through various specialists within the box, with reference to their uncomplicated features and specifically to their strength software for a sustainable progress and development within the caliber of existence. To this finish, a lot emphasis is put on the function of membrane engineering as a dominant know-how in such parts as water desalination or man made organs.
The editors are renowned and well-known in the group, whereas the lively adventure of the authors offers a hugely sensible, industrially suitable method of the topic. subject matters thought of intimately contain membranes in gas cells, membranes in MEMS and OLEDS, in addition to built-in membrane structures.

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Both active and passive safeguards can be defeated through inadequate safety management systems. 4 Safeguard devices for the methyl isocyanate (MIC) tank employed in the Bhopal Union Carbide process. 2 Principles of Green Chemistry, Sustainable Chemistry and Risk allocate resources for safety, since it not only improves working conditions but also positively influences employees’ attitudes and behavior with regards safety, consequently improving the safety climate [29]. The Bhopal accident was crucial for widespread adoption of more rigorous process safety procedures and management systems [30].

It will thus no longer be possible to produce in remote areas where the environmental criteria or controls are less severe. The environmental performance indexes, from energy efficiency to greenhouse gases and pollution emission factors (and other factors which may be estimated from life cycle assessments) will be the key parameters for evaluation in a society, which should include in the production cost also the use of the limited natural resources. The actual dramatic lack of some raw materials is already a clear signal of the need for progress in this direction.

3 Principles of green chemistry [24, 25]. 3 lists all twelve principles. The underlying objective of these principles is that green chemistry encompasses much more of the concepts of sustainability than simply preventing pollution. However, a more detailed reading evidences that these principles focus mainly on the reaction (especially on organic syntheses) rather than on the industrial processes, even if relevance is given to the design for energy efficiency and the use of renewable feedstocks.

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Membrane operations : innovative separations and transformations by Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno

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