By Jenneke A. Oosterhoff
Modern Dutch Grammar: a realistic Guide is an cutting edge reference consultant to Dutch, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one quantity. With a robust emphasis on modern utilization, all grammar issues and features are richly illustrated with examples.
The Grammar is split into elements. Part I covers conventional grammatical different types similar to nouns and verbs. Part II is thoroughly geared up round language features and contexts such as:
Giving and looking info Describing procedures and effects Expressing attitudes, psychological states and feelings Registers and elegance Formal and casual communique, e.g. adolescence talk
Main good points of the Grammar include:
• transparent, succinct and jargon-free causes
• broad cross-referencing among the various sections
• Emphasis on parts of specific trouble for rookies of Dutch
This is the suitable reference grammar for novices of Dutch in any respect degrees, from straightforward to complicated; no past wisdom of grammatical terminology is believed and it presents indices of grammatical phrases and features. This Grammar is complemented via a significant other site that includes similar routines and actions to augment studying.
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Additional info for Modern Dutch Grammar: A Practical Guide
Y are. You need a plural to match Grace and I. z will have. The sentence speaks about the future. Z has been. The sentence requires a link between past and present, so simple past won’t do. You need present perfect, the bridge between those two time periods. Has been does the job. 1 had. The sentence calls for a contrast with now, so opt for past tense. 2 will be. Once more into the future! 3 am or will be. You may choose either present or future, depending upon the context. 4 would. The going is dependent upon the press arrangement.
Clearly you’re in the present with a recurring action. b challenged. Another time clue: last year’s places you in the past. c is buying or buys. The second verb in the sentence (is) takes you right into the store with David, watching the unfolding action. Present progressive tense gives a sense of immediacy, so is buying makes sense. The plain present tense (buys) works nicely also. d will flatter. The key here is next, which puts the sentence in the future. e is writing. The time clue “right now” indicates an ongoing action, so the present progressive form is writing works well here.
Any sentence with a neither/nor pair requires a ruler: The subject that’s closer to the verb dominates. If the closer subject is singular, go for a singular verb. If the closer subject is plural, opt for a plural verb. In this sentence the plural costars is closer to the verb than the singular Tom Cruise, so a plural verb (that is, attend) is called for. Chapter 2: Matchmaker, Make Me a Match: Pairing Subjects and Verbs Correctly 8 is. Each is a magic word that automatically creates a singular subject, no matter what it precedes.
Modern Dutch Grammar: A Practical Guide by Jenneke A. Oosterhoff