By Claire Bowern

ISBN-10: 9027290962

ISBN-13: 9789027290960

This quantity goals to contribute to codifying the equipment and practices linguists use to get well language background, focussing predominantly on ancient morphology. the amount contains experiences on quite a lot of languages: not just Indo-European, but additionally Austronesian, Sinitic, Mon-Khmer, Basque, one Papuan language kin, in addition to a couple of Australian households. Few collections are as cross-linguistic as Read more...

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4 Voice marking of verbs There is further evidence for the genetic affiliation of WT in voice marking. WT transitive verbs typically have an intransitive counterpart (belonging to the intransitive conjugation). An example is given in Table 4 below. The latter is used in an antipassive construction with an intensive sense, as in ‘drank all the water’ (B&K, Comrie (1981)). Uninflected verbs are typically (but not invariably) disyllabic, and in a great many cases the second vowel, which we term the 15 THEMATIC VOWEL, is -a- for transitive verbs and -i- for intransitive verbs.

G. von Brandenstein collected a small amount of data in the 1960’s, but there is little in his data that distinguishes it from the Thalanyji spoken by his consultant as his first language, apart from the use of the verb pini- meaning ‘to go’ (the corresponding verb root in the Kanyara languages is puni- and Mantharta languages yana- (with suppletive puna in the present tense)). The name Pinikura is also unusual for this region in being potentially analysable as pini-ku-ra ‘to go-PRESENT-INHABITANT’.

1981. “Ergativity and grammatical relations in Kalaw Lagaw Ya”. W. 1977. Grammar of Yidiny. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. 1980. The languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. 1981. “Wargamay”. The handbook of Australian languages ed. W. Blake 1981, vol2, 1-144. Canberra: ANU Press. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Evans, Nicholas. 2005. “Australian languages reconsidered: a review of Dixon (2002)”.

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Morphology and language history : in honour of Harold Koch by Claire Bowern

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