By Amyn B. Sajoo
Contemporary political and social occasions in addition to advances in technology and know-how have posed demanding situations to the conventional Muslim discourse on ethics. during this most recent within the sequence of Occasional Papers produced through the Institute of Ismaili reports, Amyn B. Sajoo examines those demanding situations, and during a severe research of the results of rising tasks in political pluralism and civic tradition, in bio-medicine and environmental conservatism, considers how the contours of public ethics in Islam will be redefined to supply shared conceptions of the nice in pluralist societies.
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Extra resources for Muslim Ethics: Emerging Vistas
Cloning is undertaken to preserve a supply of transgenic animals. e perils in the mixing of genomes can’t be taken lightly, as shown by recent global experience with contagion;⁸⁶ the social and ethical implications of proceeding with new biotechnologies in this area have led to regulatory restraints in several countries. Still, it would compound matters if a decline in public trust led to apprehension about organ donations – and about more benign biotechnologies – especially in communities where these need to be robustly cultivated to sustain the heritage of a positive communal ethos.
Other scholars have argued that ‘azl is not a proper analogy because an embryo/foetus is an ‘existing presence’ (mawjud hasil), a perspective that goes back to al-Ghazali. What we have, then, are plural ethical approaches and not simply competing doctrinal views on the specic issues. One approach stresses the pragmatic results that are considered desirable, notably family planning and protecting the mother, which are considered to outweigh the undesirability of ending a potential life. Another deems abortion to be inherently disapproved, subject only to protecting the mother; the social context is not considered relevant.
Among the leading trans-Atlantic proponents of communitarianism are Amitai Etzioni, Anthony Giddens, John Gray, Gertrude Himmelfarb, Robert Kuttner, Robert Putnam and Michael Sandel. ²³ For Himmelfarb and others on the more conservative end of the communitarian spectrum, the traditional morality dismissed by Smith is a condition sine qua non to advance civil society; any other brand of ‘social ethics’ simply lacks substance and undermines the desired civic ethos. For Giddens, Kuttner and other more liberal communitarians, it is chiey economic/free market individualism that undercuts social solidarity.
Muslim Ethics: Emerging Vistas by Amyn B. Sajoo