By Doris Penka
During this booklet, Doris Penka provides a cross-linguistic, unified research of the semantics and syntax of unfavourable indefinites, as within the expressions not anyone, not anything, no (as determiner), by no means and nowhere and their opposite numbers in different languages. whereas it's regular to imagine that detrimental indefinites behave like destructive quantifiers, the writer argues that those expressions are usually not inherently adverse and are just approved by means of a covert negation. In an research prompted via 3 phenomena present in the constitution and semantics of damaging indefinites in several languages - specifically unfavorable harmony (in which a number of occurrences of unfavorable ingredients exhibit a unmarried negation), break up readings (in which damaging and indefinite components take scope independently of every other), and the constrained distribution of detrimental indefinites in Scandinavian languages -- Doris Penka considers facts from quite a lot of languages and stories the newest literature at the semantics and syntax of unfavorable indefinites. Her booklet will curiosity all linguists engaged on negation particularly and the syntax-semantics interface extra more often than not.
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Extra resources for Negative Indefinites
4 Voice marking of verbs There is further evidence for the genetic affiliation of WT in voice marking. WT transitive verbs typically have an intransitive counterpart (belonging to the intransitive conjugation). An example is given in Table 4 below. The latter is used in an antipassive construction with an intensive sense, as in ‘drank all the water’ (B&K, Comrie (1981)). Uninflected verbs are typically (but not invariably) disyllabic, and in a great many cases the second vowel, which we term the 15 THEMATIC VOWEL, is -a- for transitive verbs and -i- for intransitive verbs.
G. von Brandenstein collected a small amount of data in the 1960’s, but there is little in his data that distinguishes it from the Thalanyji spoken by his consultant as his first language, apart from the use of the verb pini- meaning ‘to go’ (the corresponding verb root in the Kanyara languages is puni- and Mantharta languages yana- (with suppletive puna in the present tense)). The name Pinikura is also unusual for this region in being potentially analysable as pini-ku-ra ‘to go-PRESENT-INHABITANT’.
1981. “Ergativity and grammatical relations in Kalaw Lagaw Ya”. W. 1977. Grammar of Yidiny. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. 1980. The languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. 1981. “Wargamay”. The handbook of Australian languages ed. W. Blake 1981, vol2, 1-144. Canberra: ANU Press. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Evans, Nicholas. 2005. “Australian languages reconsidered: a review of Dixon (2002)”.
Negative Indefinites by Doris Penka