By Yadava, Yogendra P; Pokharel, Madhav P; Prasain, Balaram; Watters, David E., 1944
Read or Download Notes on Kusunda grammar : (a language isolate of Nepal) PDF
Similar grammar books
Studying approximately Language is a thrilling and bold sequence of introductions to primary subject matters in language, linguistics and comparable components. The books are designed for college kids of linguistics and those that are learning language as a part of a much wider path. Cognitive Linguistics explores the concept that language displays our event of the area.
Point 2 - Cambridge English: MoversThe lecturers ebook at each point comprises the reply key, photocopiable assessments and audio transcripts.
- Fundamentals of Language
- A progressive grammar of the Telugu language
- A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar
- The Unaccusativity Puzzle: Explorations of the Syntax-Lexicon Interface (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
- Archaic Syntax in Indo-European: The Spread of Transitivity in Latin and French
- The Grammar of English Grammars
Extra info for Notes on Kusunda grammar : (a language isolate of Nepal)
Qai b. ata qai c. ge-qai, [gya-qai] ‘wind’ ‘breath’ (lit. ‘mouth wind’) ‘breath’ (lit. ‘its wind’) A word that commonly occurs in combination with other words to mean something like ‘fluid’ or ‘juice,’ is very likely the etymon for ‘water’ with a lexicalized third person prefix, as in the following: (98) a. ta≥ b. gida≥ c. ata gida≥ ‘water’ ‘sap’ (lit. ‘its water’) ‘saliva’ (lit. ‘mouth water’) 46 Himalayan Linguistics: Archive No. 3 ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– d.
In rapid speech, the sound [≥] sometimes arises as a coalescence of anti-causative ‘q’ plus syllabic ‘n,’ which marks realis, as in: (66) a. h˙ra-q-ßn open-AC-REAL > h˙ra-≥ > open-AC:REAL ‘open’ (participle) b. gya-q-ßn collapse-AC-REAL > gya-≥ > collapse-AC:REAL ‘collapsed’ (participle) • Aspiration. We have twelve examples of [kæ], at least three of which have a Nepali source, and one of which has a Kham or Magar source: (67) a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. kæola lekæadßn kæurpa kæ˙rgun kæaidzi kæamdzi kæaÚ u kæakæ˙≥gu kæ˙rwi nikæedi ukæ˙- ‘stream’ < Nep.
3 ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– (63) (64) Gyani Maiya: a. [orag˙n] b. [oragi] ‘He killed it’ (realis) ‘He killed it’ (past) Kamala: a. [oraÚn] b. [oraÚi] ‘He killed it’ (realis) ‘He killed it’ (past) It is difficult to determine if there is a velar fricative [x] in the data set. What sounds, in many contexts, to be a fricative [x] also occurs with equal frequency as an aspirate [kæ]. Given that velar sounds are often fricativized anyway, we are assuming that /kæ/, because of its instability in a predictable direction, has a variant [x].
Notes on Kusunda grammar : (a language isolate of Nepal) by Yadava, Yogendra P; Pokharel, Madhav P; Prasain, Balaram; Watters, David E., 1944