By Jay L. Garfield, Rje Tsong Khapa, Geshe Ngawang Samten

ISBN-10: 0195147332

ISBN-13: 9780195147339

Tsong khapa (14th-15th centuries) is arguably an important and influential thinker in Tibetan historical past. His Ocean of Reasoning is the main wide and maybe the private extant statement on N=ag=arjuna's M=ulamadhyamakak=arik=a (Fundamental knowledge of the center Way), and it may be argued that it really is most unlikely to debate N=ag=arjuna's paintings in an educated method with no consulting it. It discusses substitute readings of the textual content and earlier commentaries and gives a close exegesis, constituting a scientific presentation of Madhyamaka Buddhist philosophy. regardless of its significant value, even though, of Tsong khapa's 3 most crucial texts, in basic terms Ocean of Reasoning has earlier remained untranslated, maybe since it is either philosophically and linguistically demanding, tough a unprecedented blend of skills at the a part of a translator. Jay L. Garfield and Geshe Ngawang Samten carry the considered necessary abilities to this hard activity, combining among them services in Western and Indian philosophy, and fluency in Tibetan, Sanskrit, and English. The ensuing translation of this crucial textual content is not just a landmark contribution to the scholarship of Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, yet could be useful to scholars of Tibetan Buddhism and philosophy, who will now be ready to learn this paintings along N=ag=arjuna's masterpiece.

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Desk of Contents
Editor's Introduction
1. The BuddhaÕs traditional and supreme Tooth
Ð John Buescher
2. Ask a Farmer: final research and Conventional
Existence in Tsong kha pa's Lam rim chen mo
Ð man Newland
3. portray the objective: at the id of the
Object of Negation (dgag bya) Ð Donald S. Lopez, Jr.
4. slicing the Roots of advantage: Tsong kha pa on the
Results of Anger Ð Daniel Cozort
5. Ethics because the foundation of a Tantric culture: Tsong kha pa
and the Founding of the dGe lugs Order in Tibet
Ð Elizabeth Napper
6. Bon rDzogs chen on Authenticity (pramÝna, tshad ma):
Prose and Poetry at the direction Ð Anne Carolyn Klein
7. The dGe ldanÐbKaÕ brgyud culture of MahÝmudrÝ:
How a lot dGe ldan? How a lot bKaÕ brgyud?
Ð Roger R. Jackson
8. Demons at the mom: Objections to the Perfect
Wisdom Sñtras in Tibet Ð Gareth Sparham
9. Gung thang and Sa bzang Ma ti Paû chen on the
Meaning of ÒFoundational ConsciousnessÓ
(Ýlaya, kun gzhi) Ð Joe Bransford Wilson
10. Authorship and Literary construction in
Classical Buddhist Tibet Ð JosŽ Ignacio Cabez—n
11. Altruism and Adversity: views from Psychoanalytic
Object relatives concept Ð Harvey B. Aronson
12. Drawing the metal Bow: A Bibliographic Appreciation
of the Literary Legacy of Paul Jeffrey Hopkins
and His software on the collage of Virginia
Ð Paul G. Hackett
Contributors 327

Additional info for Ocean of Reasoning: A Great Commentary on Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika

Example text

Apart from dependent arising One cannot see any cause for their existence. [VIII: 12] Although this says that the agent exists depending on action, action is not the producer of the agent. [19] While it is said that this reasoning is applied to other phenomena—knower and known and thesis and proof are said to be interdependently arisen—these cannot each be the producer of the other. The Ratna¯valı¯ says: When there is this that arises, Just as when there is short, there is long. [I: 48ab] Though it says that, the short is not producer of the long.

Regarding all others as chattering children, Na¯ga¯rjuna once again, with deep reverence, addresses the Buddha as “the supreme teacher,” distinguishing him from all others. Who did this? The master Na¯ga¯rjuna! When? At the beginning of the treatise! The purpose is to demonstrate his authenticity and to cultivate others’ reverence for the Buddha. There are many ways to praise the Buddha. However, the reason why he is profusely praised in this text and in others for teaching dependent origination is, as explained in the homage verse of Yuktisfiasfifitika¯, that this great person 8.

And so it is peaceful. Because he understands the reality of dependent origination, the Victor alone is regarded by Na¯ga¯rjuna as speaking the nonerroneous truth. Regarding all others as chattering children, Na¯ga¯rjuna once again, with deep reverence, addresses the Buddha as “the supreme teacher,” distinguishing him from all others. Who did this? The master Na¯ga¯rjuna! When? At the beginning of the treatise! The purpose is to demonstrate his authenticity and to cultivate others’ reverence for the Buddha.

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Ocean of Reasoning: A Great Commentary on Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika by Jay L. Garfield, Rje Tsong Khapa, Geshe Ngawang Samten


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