By Max Tegmark
Max Tegmark leads us on an wonderful trip via prior, current and destiny, and during the physics, astronomy and arithmetic which are the basis of his paintings, so much quite his speculation that our actual truth is a mathematical constitution and his concept of the last word multiverse. In a blinding mix of either well known and groundbreaking technological know-how, he not just is helping us clutch his usually mind-boggling theories, yet he additionally stocks with us a number of the frequently wonderful triumphs and disappointments that experience formed his existence as a scientist. attention-grabbing from first to last—this is a ebook that has already brought on the eye and admiration of a few of the main favourite scientists and mathematicians.
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Additional info for Our Mathematical Universe: My Quest for the Ultimate Nature of Reality
CHAPTER 3 IDEALIZATION AND IDEAL-TYPICAL METHOD: MARX AND WEBER 1. IDEAL-TYPICAL METHOD According to Max Weber · . all specifically Marxian 'laws' and developmental constructs - insofar as they are theoretically sound - are ideal types (Weber (1), p. 103). My aim here is to prove that this opinion - which ascribes to Marx the role of a scientist who unconsciously accepted the Weberian conception of ideal types - is false, since there is an important difference between Marx's abstraction and Weber's ideal-typical procedure.
PART II MARX'S IDEAS AND MODERN METHODOLOGICAL TRENDS The goal of this part of the book is to compare Marx's method of idealization (to be strict: Marx's method of abstraction interpreted in terms of idealization) with well known and influential modern methodological trends or schools. It seems to me that they are of two kinds: those that belong to the tradition of the German philosophy of humanities and those that belong to the empiricist tradition. We shall distinguish within the first group the Weberian methodological doctrine and within the second group two trends will be discussed: positivism and hypotheticism.
The passage to the schemes of enlarged reproduction is performed in the same way as the passage from the law of value TS to its "transformed forms" T7, T6, etc. (see Chapter 1, Section 2). , utilises a part of surplus value for an increase of the means of production (Me) and for an employment of more labour force (Mv): °< Ma(x) = Me(x) + Mv(x). At the same time the consequents of the schemes (Ri), (R~) are corrected with respect to the fund of accumulation Ma. In this way, the schemes of enlarged reproduction are obtained: (RD if E(x) and Val(x) = const and Mix) > 0, THE METHOD OF IDEALIZATION AND CONCRETIZATION 27 then P1(x) = C1(x) + V1(x) + M1(x) + Mf(x) + Mr(x); if E(x) and Val(x) = const and Ma(x) > 0, then Pz(x) = Cz(x) + Vz(x) + Mz(x) + M~(x) + M~(x).
Our Mathematical Universe: My Quest for the Ultimate Nature of Reality by Max Tegmark