By Rebecca Elliott

ISBN-10: 0764147129

ISBN-13: 9780764147128

Titles in Barron's broad Painless sequence hide quite a lot of matters as they're taught on heart tuition and highschool degrees. those books are written for college students who locate the topics strangely tough and confusing--or in lots of instances, simply simple uninteresting. Barron's Painless sequence authors' major target is to remedy students' confusion and perk up their curiosity by means of emphasizing the fascinating and sometimes fascinating ways that they could placed each one topic to useful use. every one of these books take a light-hearted method of their topics, usually utilising humor, and consistently offering fun-learning workouts that come with puzzles, video games, and tough "Brain Tickler" difficulties to unravel. This identify combines guide in sentence constitution with exam of fun expressions, and provides tips about electronic mail communique, modifying a college paper, and extra.

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SERIAL VERBS 24 Based on these paraphrase possibilities, he proposes a synchronic derivation of ni sentences in which the ni is introduced by transformation. ) From a historical perspective, the ní in (43)-(47) looks like a fossil. If it occurred historically as a verb in serial sequences with "bitransitive" verbs like those in (44), one wonders what its lexical signification could have been. An alternative possibility is that, once the locative meaning was considerably bleached from locative ní, as in (32)-(38), speakers might have found it a conveniently colorless verb-like particle to employ with "bitransitive" verbs like (44), in order to maintain the favorite V NP V NP sequence of the language's serial verb pattern.

6 Yusuf's findings regarding the function of ni structures in discourse help to provide an explanation in terms of discourse function for the LOCATIVE VERBS & PREPOSITIONS 29 hypothesized historical development of ni According to the historical scenario which I have suggested, once ní came to function as a preposition, it provided a structural option in which human discourse topics could occur earlier in the information sequence within the utterance, thus facilitating communication. Its usefulness in this capacity may have contributed to its widespread employment by speakers and its generalization from a locative marker to a general marker of oblique arguments.

Interestingly, Abraham, the experienced lexicographer with extensive knowledge of West African language structure, lists fun as a verb in (67a) and as "verb used as preposition" in (68a). But the only difference between (67a) and (68a) is the first verb phrase. Therefore, if one judges, like Abraham, that the use of fún in (68a) is more "prepositional" than in (67a), the assessment of the semantic function of the fun phrase must depend on the context, namely, the meaning of the first verb phrase.

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Painless Grammar (Barron's Painless Series) by Rebecca Elliott


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