By William Aspray
This ebook presents a historical past of the efforts of the U.S. nationwide technological know-how beginning to increase participation in computing. The ebook in brief discusses the early heritage of the NSF's involvement with schooling and crew concerns. It then turns to 2 courses outdoors the computing directorate (the improve application and this system on girls and women) that set the level for 3 courses within the NSF computing directorate on broadening participation: the IT team software, the Broadening Participation in Computing software, and the Computing schooling for the twenty first Century software. The paintings seems at NSF-funded study and NSF-funded interventions either to extend the variety of girls, underrepresented minorities (African americans, Hispanics, and American Indians) and folks with disabilities, and to extend the variety of public faculties delivering rigorous guide in computing. different businesses akin to the ACM, the pc technology lecturers organization, and Code.org also are coated. The years coated are basically 1980 to the present.
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Additional info for Participation in Computing: The National Science Foundation’s Expansionary Programs
RIMI was not particularly successful at improving the research quality at the minority-serving institutions, but the CREST grants were of a larger scale, providing up to $1 million per year for up to two five-year periods. A 2001 evaluation of CREST commended the salutary effects it had on minority education and the exposure to research that it provided to undergraduate and graduate students. The Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) Program, created in 1991, is devoted to increasing the quality and quantity of undergraduates studying STEM disciplines and increasing the number of socioeconomically disadvantaged and underserved students entering graduate school in these fields.
Sevo and Chubin 2010; also see Sevo and Chubin 2011) As the program officer explained, “those grants suddenly began to have a national impact in that it wasn’t just publicity about this really cool thing. It was substantial long-term contact with communities. ” (Sevo 2014) For example, the National Center for Women & Information Technology (NCWIT), today one of the most effective and widereaching organizations in the broadening participation field, received two large grants from this program.
24 2 Opening Computing Careers to Underrepresented Groups a very valuable thing for the agency and for the nation at large. It’s the holding ourselves accountable for the types of outcomes we see we’re trying to create. Do we have the right programs in place? Do we need to rethink some things? Is the agency allocating resources appropriately to support this objective? 3 Two NSF Gender Diversity Programs in STEM Before turning to the broadening participation programs within CISE, we will profile two other NSF programs that had an important shaping influence on the CISE programs: the Program for Gender Diversity in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology established in 1993 and the ADVANCE program established in 2001.
Participation in Computing: The National Science Foundation’s Expansionary Programs by William Aspray