By K.T. Fann
This monograph makes an attempt to explain one major yet a lot ignored element of Peirce's contribution to the philosophy of technology. It was once written in 1963 as my M. A. thesis on the Uni versity of Illinois. because the subject continues to be ignored it truly is was hoping that its booklet should be of use to Peirce students. I may still wish to recognize my indebtedness to Dr. Max Fisch who broached this subject to me and who steered me con tinuously via its improvement, helping generously together with his personal insights and unpublished Peirce manuscripts. desk OF CONTENTS advent 1. A present factor within the Philosophy of technological know-how 1 2. Peirce and His thought of Abduction five three. the final personality of Abduction 7 half I: THE EARLY idea 1. Peirce's Earliest belief of Inference eleven 2. 3 types of Inference and 3 Figures of Syllogism thirteen three. Ampliative Inference and Cognition 17 four. Induction and speculation 20 five. the tactic of tools 23 half II: THE LATER conception 1. The Transitional interval 28 2. 3 levels of Inquiry 31 three. Abduction and Guessing intuition 35 four. common sense as a Normative technology 38 five. speculation building and choice forty-one 6. Abduction and Pragmatism forty four 7. economic system of analysis forty seven eight. Justification of Abduction fifty one end fifty five sixty one BIBLIOGRAPHY creation 1.
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Extra info for Peirce’s Theory of Abduction
If he examines all the foolish theories he might imagine, he never will ... 776). 200). 530). 528). The theory of the economy of research is a part of logic, for Peirce has so extended the meaning of "logic" that it becomes "the meltbod of methods" (See Partl I, Section 5). Abduction, as the first stage of inquiry, is concerned with the reasons for adopting a hypothesis on probation. It is easy to see that one of the leading reasons is the consideration of Economy. There are certain conditions which ought to guide our choice of a hypothesis.
The abductive suggestion comes to us like a flash. 181), and "abduction is ... 219). 753). 604). These remarks, taken at their face value, certainly seem to be 36 Part II: The Later Theory inconsistent with the notion of abduction as a form of inference. In fact, this kind of remark permits a loose judgment as exemplified by Braithwaite's remarks in his review of the Collected Papers. He says, "Peirce only differs from the orthodox account in classifying the thinking of the hypothesis as itself a form of ampliative reasQning, and this difference is, I think, merely a verbal one, namely, that of whether (an act of insight .
As shown above (Part II, Section 3), Peirce contends that the reasonable supposition is that man has come to the investigation of nature with a special aptitude for choosing correct theories. This facility is derived from his instinctive life through the process of evolution. Thus, the achievements of abduction are due to the fact that the human intellect is peculiarly adapted to the comprehension of the laws of nature. 54 Part II: The Later Theory In their immediacy abductions are often merely guesses; it is quite possible for us to guess incorrectly on the first few occasions.
Peirce’s Theory of Abduction by K.T. Fann