By Georges Dicker
This ebook grew out of the lectures that I ready for my scholars in epis temology at SUNY collage at Brockport starting in 1974. The belief of the matter of belief and the translation of the sense-datum concept and its helping arguments which are built in Chapters One via 4 originated in those lectures. the remainder of the manuscript was once first written through the 1975-1976 educational yr, whereas I held an NEH Fellowship in place of dwelling for faculty academics at Brown collage, and through the resultant summer time, below a SUNY college study Fellowship. I desire to convey my honest gratitude to the nationwide Endowment for the arts and to the examine origin of the country collage of recent York for his or her help of my learn. i'm thankful to many former scholars, colleagues, and neighbors for his or her stimulating, positive reviews and criticisms. one of the former stu dents whose reactions and objections have been so much precious are Richard Motroni, Donald Callen, Hilary Porter, and Glenn Shaikun. between my colleagues at Brockport, I desire to thank Kevin Donaghy and Jack Glickman for his or her reviews and encouragement. i'm indebted to Eli Hirsch for studying and commenting such a lot helpfully at the whole manuscript, to Peter M. Brown for an invaluable correspondence bearing on key arguments in Chapters 5 and 7, to Keith Lehrer for a feedback of 1 of my arguments that led me to make a few vital revisions, and to Roderick M.
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Additional info for Perceptual Knowledge: An Analytical and Historical Study
3 G. E. 44. 4 Compare H. H. Price,Perception (Methuen, London,1932), pp. 18-19. 5 G. E. Moore, Some Main Problems of Philosophy, p. 45. 6 Some Main Problems of Philosophy, pp. 44,46. 7 Some Main Problems of Philosophy, p. 46. 8 Some Main Problems of Philosophy, p. 46-47. 9 Some Main Problems of Philosophy, pp. 52-53. 10 See H. H. Price, Perception, pp. 31-32; A. J. Ayer, The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge (MacMillan, London, 1940), pp. 5 -8, and Ayer, The Problem of Knowledge (Penguin Books, London, 1956), p.
And then, of course, we could be sure that the appearance of the coal doesn't have a rear surface or any parts which face away. But now we may ask of a - the something which is blue when the coal looks blue - whether a is an appearance, as just defined, of the piece of coal. 21 It is quite true that whether a is an appearance (sense-datum) would depend upon whether it has a rear surface or parts that face away. But this does not mean that this question must be answered in a straightforward empirical manner, say in the way one would discover whether the other side of a coin was tarnished.
It is clear that if this is the correct response to Moore's attempt to introduce sense-data, then the Argument from Perceptual Relativity collapses. For, as we have seen, the argument does not prove that we perceive 38 CHAPTER TWO sense-data; it assumes this in its opening premiss. All the argument proves is that if we perceive sense-data, then these are not identical with physical things or their surfaces. But if, following contemporary critics of the sensedatum theory, one simply rejects the notion of a sense-datum as an illegitimate reification of the ways in which physical objects appear to us under different conditions of observation, then Moore's conclusion, though it follows from his premisses, is of no interest or importance.
Perceptual Knowledge: An Analytical and Historical Study by Georges Dicker