By Michèle Friend

ISBN-10: 9400770588

ISBN-13: 9789400770584

This ebook is set philosophy, arithmetic and common sense, giving a philosophical account of Pluralism that is a kin of positions within the philosophy of arithmetic. There are 4 elements to this ebook, starting with a glance at motivations for Pluralism when it comes to Realism, Maddy’s Naturalism, Shapiro’s Structuralism and Formalism.

In the second one a part of this booklet the writer covers: the philosophical presentation of Pluralism; utilizing a proper thought of common sense metaphorically; rigour and facts for the Pluralist; and mathematical furniture. within the 3rd half the writer is going directly to specialize in the transcendental presentation of Pluralism, and partially 4 appears to be like at functions of Pluralism, corresponding to a Pluralist method of evidence in arithmetic and the way Pluralism works in regard to together-inconsistent philosophies of arithmetic. The booklet finishes with feedback for extra Pluralist enquiry.

In this paintings the writer takes a deeply radical process in constructing a brand new place that might both convert readers, or act as a robust caution to regard the be aware ‘pluralism’ with care.

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Extra resources for Pluralism in Mathematics: A New Position in Philosophy of Mathematics (Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, Volume 32)

Example text

Thus, the concept of logical form is assumed to belong to ontology as well as to logic. In the Tractatus Wittgenstein argued that the totality of true propositions constitutes the whole of natural science. By specifying the limits of language, philosophy sets limits to the sphere of possible knowledge. Whether a proposition is true or false can be determined only by comparing it with reality. This implies a correspondence theory of knowledge, that is, that elementary propositions be compared with what Wittgenstein called atomic states of affairs.

But we understand the meaning of a word when we hear or say it; we grasp it in a flash, and what we grasp in this way is surely something different from the 'use' which is extended in time! 37 We must be sensitive to the unreflective use of concepts in abstraction from their proper framework. Thus, Wittgenstein cautions us to consider the circumstances or surroundings in which a concept appears: When philosophers use a word-'knowledge', 'being', 'object', '1', 'proposition', 'name' -and try to grasp the essence of the thing, one must always ask oneself: is the word ever actually used in this way in the language-game which is its original home?

47 This multiplicity of language-games is not, of course, something fixed or established forever. 'We remain unconscious of the prodigious diversity of all the everyday language-games,' Wittgenstein notes, 'because the clothing of our language makes everything alike'. 48 Language, to reiterate, is not a tool having one specific use or purpose, it is the name for a collection. , he learns more language games. ) 50 Language-gantes and fornts of life Since the terms 'language-games' and 'forms of life' have been used several times in the above discussion, and since they are important both to Wittgenstein's position and to the following chapters, it is useful to consider them at some length here.

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Pluralism in Mathematics: A New Position in Philosophy of Mathematics (Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, Volume 32) by Michèle Friend


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