By Michel ter Hark
This e-book demonstrates that Karl Popper's philosophy of technology, with its emphasis at the approach to trial and mistake, is essentially in accordance with the psychology of Otto Selz. Selz's conception of challenge fixing and clinical discovery laid the root for a lot of latest cognitive psychology. This unique research covers Popper's early writings earlier than he all started his profession as a thinker.
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Extra resources for Popper, Otto Selz and the Rise Of Evolutionary Epistemology
Kantians opposing psychology, Stumpf points out, have often formulated epistemological principles not only far removed from psychology but even hindering the further development of the science of psychology. Epistemology, he avers, “has to stand the test of psychology. ”61 Popper’s principle of transference is clearly an heir to Stumpf’s; and even though the former emphasizes the priority of epistemology over psychology, one of the main contentions of this study is that the search for an epistemology alternative to the mainstream inductivism has profited immensely from the sweeping attack of Otto Selz on association psychology, as well as from his attempt to reshape both psychology and the sciences of man and culture, the Geisteswissenschaften, in the image of evolutionary P1: Gvh 0521811953c01 Hark October 14, 2003 11:39 Popper and Early German Psychology 23 psychology.
E. Mu¨ ller, in 1887, P1: icd 0521811953c02 28 Hark October 14, 2003 12:1 Psychology of Thinking and his Habilitation, “Die Lehre vom Willen in der neuren Philosophie,” in 1888. He became Wundt’s assistant and in 1894 was called to Wu¨ rzburg as ordinarius for both philosophy and aesthetics to succeed Hans Volkelt, founding there, by 1896, a psychological laboratory which became, next to Leipzig, the outstanding institute of Germany. Because he would found two other laboratories, one in Bonn and one in Munich, Ku¨ lpe is considered the second founder of experimental psychology on German soil.
Psychology as an empirical science is above all “pure psychology” (reine Psychologie). Although the soul may not be an object of introspective observation, that we nevertheless have conscious experiences (Erlebnisse) is as incontrovertible a fact as can be. By confining the object of psychology exclusively to the processes and contents of consciousness, everything nonmental comes to lie far beyond the scope of psychology. Yet Ku¨ lpe admits of unconscious mental processes and, hence, countenances a broader conception of the object of pure psychology than those who equate “mental” and “conscious,” thereby embracing a pure psychology of consciousness (Bewusstseinspsychologie).
Popper, Otto Selz and the Rise Of Evolutionary Epistemology by Michel ter Hark