By Gerard Radnitzky, Gunnar Andersson (auth.), Gerard Radnitzky, Gunnar Andersson (eds.)

ISBN-10: 902770922X

ISBN-13: 9789027709226

ISBN-10: 940099866X

ISBN-13: 9789400998667

This selection of essays has advanced in the course of the co-operative efforts, which begun within the fall of 1974, of the individuals in a workshop subsidized by way of the Fritz Thyssen origin. the assumption of keeping a number of small colloquia dedicated to the subjects of rational selection in technological know-how and medical growth originated in a talk in the summertime of 1973 among one of many editors (GR) and the past due Imre Lakatos. regrettably Lakatos himself was once by no means capable of see this undertaking via, yet his thought-provoking method of clinical examine programmes used to be ably expounded and defended by means of his successors. certainly, this quantity maintains and deepens the controversy inaugurated in feedback and the expansion of data (edited by way of Imre Lakatos and Alan Musgrave), a ebook which grew out of a convention held in 1965. that discuss has endured in the course of the years that experience handed on the grounds that that convention. the crowd of discussions concerning the position of rationality in technology which were held among those that emphasize the heritage of technological know-how (with Feyerabend and Kuhn because the so much widespread exponents) and the severe rationalists (Popper and his followers), with Imre Lakatos protecting a center floor, those discussions have been visible by means of just about all commentators because the most crucial occasion within the philosophy of technological know-how within the final decade. This challenge quarter constituted the relevant topic of our Thyssen workshop. The workshop operated within the following manner.

Show description

Read or Download Progress and Rationality in Science PDF

Best science books

Download e-book for kindle: Quantum Mechanics for Thinkers by Gennaro Auletta, Shang-Yung Wang

This e-book presents easy accessibility to quantum mechanics with out facing a real textbook that calls for right really good reviews in physics (and comparable arithmetic) for roughly a few years. It comprises 3 elements: simple formalism, formal improvement, and ontological concerns. The 70 figures are an important device for changing into familiar in a "representative" means with summary difficulties, and the 30 in-section bins help readers comprehend for tough mathematical difficulties.

Peter V. Taberner's Aphrodisiacs: The Science and the Myth PDF

The making plans and writing of this ebook has taken particularly longer than I had initially meant; what all started as a modest literary undertaking for 2 second-year scientific scholars has multiplied over 8 years to turn into an entire booklet. the subject material lent itself all too simply to a sen­ sationalist procedure but, however, a strictly clinical technique may most likely have led to a lifeless dry textual content of little curiosity to the overall reader.

Laurentiu Nastac, Baicheng Liu, Hasse Fredriksson, Jacques's Advances in the science and engineering of casting PDF

The booklet comprises the lawsuits of the honorary symposium “Advances within the technology and Engineering of Casting Solidification” (TMS2015, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2015) held in honor of Professor Doru Michael Stefanescu, Emeritus Professor, Ohio kingdom collage and the collage of Alabama, united states.

Additional resources for Progress and Rationality in Science

Sample text

Of the latter, four told in favour of T' and against T but one told in favour of T against T'. Of the former, all five corroborated T'. Clearly, T' is in some sense a better theory than T. But how could 42 JOHN WATKINS this judgment be articulated within Popper's methodology? A few years ago he might have said that these test-results, together with the logical relations in which T' stands to T, at least permit us to conjecture that T' has more verisimilitude than T. But some recent results of Miller [1974] and Tichy [1974] show that such an appraisal is impermissible in the case of two false theories, which is presumably what we have here.

4 Thus, for Popper empirical support is not a simple two-place relation between theory and evidence, but rather a three-place relation between theory, evidence and 'background knowledge'. Simplifying slightly, the relation holds whenever the evidence is implied by the theory but not by 'background knowledge'. 5 Of what does 'background knowledge' consist? 7 One of the arguments in favour of this account of factual support with its strong temporal or historical element has been that it captures more of scientists' intuitive decisions about confirmation in particular cases.

17 Agassi in [1959] gave a nice example of a type (4) instance providing corroboration. The hypothesis "All freely falling bodies fall with constant acceleration" is tested by dropping steel balls down a mine-shaft. They are observed to fall with inconstant acceleration, and the hypothesis seems to be falsified. But then it is found that the mine-shaft passes through magnetic rock and that this accounts for their aberrant behaviour. The hypothesis has survived the test: these steel balls were not freely falling bodies after all.

Download PDF sample

Progress and Rationality in Science by Gerard Radnitzky, Gunnar Andersson (auth.), Gerard Radnitzky, Gunnar Andersson (eds.)


by Christopher
4.5

Rated 4.60 of 5 – based on 42 votes