By Sam Featherston, Yannick Versley

ISBN-10: 3110401754

ISBN-13: 9783110401752

The goal of this e-book is to spotlight the level to which extra rigorous dimension of grammatical results can yield insights into grammatical constructions and grammatical swap. whereas there's a few incidental dialogue of methodologies and information processing suggestions, the point of interest during this paintings is firmly at the result of such paintings and never at the technicalities of it.

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That language variation, whether synchronic or diachronic, is as valid an indicator and measure of the boundaries of the range of variation of language and the factors that determine possible variation as is experimental data. Any language form which exists or has existed must be a natural language, and it can therefore offer us a perspective on the grammar. In particular it can be very instructive to compare varieties of a single language and identify precisely where in the system the differences have developed.

For a relative clause containing another relative clause, the pattern in (12) was used [(¬V)* is a possible empty sequence of non-verbs]. The search pattern in (12) specifies only the left part of the complex relative clause, up to the second relative pronoun. It therefore matches both complete and incomplete relative clauses. By imposing further constraints on the left context, the clausal position of the complex relative clause was specified as the prefield of a main clause, the middle field of a main clause, or the middle field of an embedded clause.

Given that the tree in (17b) contains two obligatory verb positions, the verb met could as well be attached to the second empty verb position, the verb slot of the main clause. The resulting tree would then be ill-formed because the higher relative clause remains without a verb. Empirical evidence suggests that the missing-VP effect is caused by attaching the verb met to the empty verb slot of the main clause and not to the empty verb slot of the higher relative clause. In both cases, the resulting phrase-structure tree contains a violation because of a missing verb, either in the higher relative clause or in the main clause.

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Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change: Perspectives from Germanic by Sam Featherston, Yannick Versley

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