By CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
This ebook offers assistance on characterizing, spotting, and responding to indications to assist steer clear of procedure incidents and accidents earlier than they happen. The tips can be utilized through either approach security administration (PSM) pros in comparing their procedures and PSM structures in addition to for operators who're frequently the frontline security opposed to procedure incidents. indicators may well include procedure deviations or upsets, instrumentation warnings or alarms, previous working historical past and incidents, observable difficulties akin to corrosion or strange odors, audit effects indicating tactics aren't being undefined, or a few different signs. full of photographs and useful counsel, this booklet will flip a person in a procedure plant right into a threat lookout and should aid hinder capability incidents ahead of they become catastrophic events.Content:
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–15):
Chapter 2 Incident Mechanics (pages 17–28):
Chapter three management and tradition (pages 29–48):
Chapter four education and Competency (pages 49–64):
Chapter five strategy protection details (pages 65–77):
Chapter 6 tactics (pages 79–96):
Chapter 7 Asset Integrity (pages 97–115):
Chapter eight reading chance and handling switch (pages 117–137):
Chapter nine Audits (pages 139–148):
Chapter 10 studying from adventure (pages 149–161):
Chapter eleven actual symptoms (pages 163–173):
Chapter 12 a choice to motion (pages 175–185):
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Extra info for Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries
There was only one manual backup system, compared to a four-stage system used at facilities operated by the parent company. The flare tower and the vent gas scrubber had been out of service for five months before the disaster. The gas scrubber, therefore, did not treat escaping gases with sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), which might have brought the concentration down to a safe level, although the scrubber and flare system design was inadequate for the flow rate of MIC involved in the incident.
An analysis of chemical residue in various pieces of process equipment was used to support the development of incident logic. The incident at Bhopal was not really an accident. There was no real element of surprise. Conditions had deteriorated for many months while no one stepped forward to intervene. Physical and paper evidence suggesting huge gaps in the safety culture were very visible and should have been apparent to any responsible worker on the facility site. However, the definition of responsible worker has little meaning if management has not defined a safety culture and declared a clear set of operating priorities.
Preventive Barriers Example: Engineering Mitigative Barriers Incident Example: Firewater Figure 2-2 Swiss Cheese Model of Barriers to Consequences Management system elements serve several distinct purposes. Some deal with people while others address the equipment integrity within a facility. Still others check the integrity of the process to ensure that it is stable and predictable. Within a company, there may also be management systems that deal with financial results 2. INCIDENT MECHANICS 21 and stakeholder relations.
Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries by CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)