By Robert Nola (auth.)
Do wisdom and technology come up from the appliance of canons of rationality and medical technique? Or is all our medical wisdom attributable to socio-political elements, or by way of our pursuits within the socio-political - the view of sociologists of "knowledge"? Or does it outcome from interaction of family members of energy - the view of Michel Foucault? Or does our wisdom come up from "the will to energy" - the view of Nietzsche? This quantity units out to significantly learn the theses of these who could debunk the assumption of rational explanation.
The publication is wide-ranging. The theories of approach to Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend (amongst others) are mentioned and regarding the perspectives of Marx, Foucault, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche in addition to sociologists of technological know-how comparable to Mannheim and Bloor. the writer offers a large interpretative framework which hyperlinks the doctrines espoused by way of lots of those authors; it's argued that they inherit some of the problems within the robust Programme within the sociology of "knowledge", and they fail to reconcile the normativity of data with their naturalism. it truly is argued that neither relativists, sceptics, nihilists, sociologists of "knowledge" nor the postmodernists effectively debunk the claims of rational clarification, faraway from it: those theorists presuppose a lot of the speculation of method they deny.
Read or Download Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge PDF
Similar epistemology books
This e-book increases questions on the character of philosophy through reading the resource and value of 1 primary philosophical challenge: how will we recognize something in regards to the global round us? Stroud discusses and criticizes the perspectives of such philosophers as Descartes, Kant, J. L. Austin, G. E. Moore, R.
Emily Grosholz bargains an unique research of demonstration in arithmetic and technology, studying the way it works and why it truly is persuasive. concentrating on geometrical demonstration, she exhibits the jobs that illustration and ambiguity play in mathematical discovery. She offers quite a lot of case experiences in mechanics, topology, algebra, good judgment, and chemistry, from old Greece to the current day, yet focusing rather at the 17th and 20th centuries.
First released in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
The sensitivity precept is a compelling thought in epistemology and is usually characterised as an important for wisdom. This number of 13 new essays constitutes a state of the art dialogue of this crucial precept. many of the essays construct on and boost sensitivity-based debts of information and supply novel defences of these bills.
- Varieties of Interpretation
- Evolutionary epistemology and its implications for humankind
- Contributions to the Development of Tibetan Buddhist Epistemology: From the eleventh to the thirteenth century
- Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge
- The Value of Knowledge and the Pursuit of Understanding
- Thought and Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks)
Extra resources for Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge
Popper (1962), p. , p. 218). The first is that when scientists put forward any idea then , even if they think it is beyond criticism, it is at least in the public domain and thus open to the (freely offered) criticism of others . This much is hinted at by Popper in his remarks, mentioned above, about the emergence of a second-order critical tradition in which a person who holds a particular set of beliefs is challenged by another to tell a better story, in some sense of 'better' . Here two or more must play a role in the dialectic of criticism that evolves.
If, as Lakatos says, there has been considerable agreement amongst members of the scientific elite over single achievements, or particular gambits, in science, then we can use these judgements about particular cases as a test basis. The scientific elite will tell us not only what is good or bad about accepting a particular hypothesis, but they will also tell us which are the other good or bad moves or gambits concerning theory change in the game of science. Not only does Lakatos propose a different test basis from that of Popper, but he also adopts a different meta-methodological criterion for deciding between differing conceptions of scientific method.
3 A French Connection: Latour This and the next sub-section , concerns two French connections, Latour and Lyotard, who are dethroners of philosophy within science and science studies . Latour's books are a veritable mine of material against the critical tradition in science, only two of which will be mentioned here. The first half of his book The Pastuerization of France, is a social study of aspects of Pasteur's science in France . The second half is devoted to an account of what Latour calls 'irreduction' in the sciences.
Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge by Robert Nola (auth.)