By Robert Nola (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1402010435

ISBN-13: 9781402010439

ISBN-10: 9401002894

ISBN-13: 9789401002899

Do wisdom and technology come up from the appliance of canons of rationality and medical technique? Or is all our medical wisdom attributable to socio-political elements, or by way of our pursuits within the socio-political - the view of sociologists of "knowledge"? Or does it outcome from interaction of family members of energy - the view of Michel Foucault? Or does our wisdom come up from "the will to energy" - the view of Nietzsche? This quantity units out to significantly learn the theses of these who could debunk the assumption of rational explanation.

The publication is wide-ranging. The theories of approach to Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend (amongst others) are mentioned and regarding the perspectives of Marx, Foucault, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche in addition to sociologists of technological know-how comparable to Mannheim and Bloor. the writer offers a large interpretative framework which hyperlinks the doctrines espoused by way of lots of those authors; it's argued that they inherit some of the problems within the robust Programme within the sociology of "knowledge", and they fail to reconcile the normativity of data with their naturalism. it truly is argued that neither relativists, sceptics, nihilists, sociologists of "knowledge" nor the postmodernists effectively debunk the claims of rational clarification, faraway from it: those theorists presuppose a lot of the speculation of method they deny.

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Extra resources for Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge

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Popper (1962), p. , p. 218). The first is that when scientists put forward any idea then , even if they think it is beyond criticism, it is at least in the public domain and thus open to the (freely offered) criticism of others . This much is hinted at by Popper in his remarks, mentioned above, about the emergence of a second-order critical tradition in which a person who holds a particular set of beliefs is challenged by another to tell a better story, in some sense of 'better' . Here two or more must play a role in the dialectic of criticism that evolves.

If, as Lakatos says, there has been considerable agreement amongst members of the scientific elite over single achievements, or particular gambits, in science, then we can use these judgements about particular cases as a test basis. The scientific elite will tell us not only what is good or bad about accepting a particular hypothesis, but they will also tell us which are the other good or bad moves or gambits concerning theory change in the game of science. Not only does Lakatos propose a different test basis from that of Popper, but he also adopts a different meta-methodological criterion for deciding between differing conceptions of scientific method.

3 A French Connection: Latour This and the next sub-section , concerns two French connections, Latour and Lyotard, who are dethroners of philosophy within science and science studies . Latour's books are a veritable mine of material against the critical tradition in science, only two of which will be mentioned here. The first half of his book The Pastuerization of France, is a social study of aspects of Pasteur's science in France . The second half is devoted to an account of what Latour calls 'irreduction' in the sciences.

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Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge by Robert Nola (auth.)

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