By Andrew J. Newman
The Safavid dynasty, which reigned from the past due 15th to the eighteenth century, hyperlinks medieval with smooth Iran. The Safavids witnessed wide-ranging advancements in politics, war, technology, philosophy, faith, paintings and structure. yet how did this dynasty be capable to produce the most lasting and such a lot excellent of Iran’s Islamic-period eras?
Andrew Newman bargains a whole re-assessment of the Safavid position in background as they presided over those striking advancements and the wondrous flowering of Iranian tradition. within the method, he dissects the Safavid tale, from sooner than the 1501 seize of Tabriz through Shah Ismail (1488-1524), the purpose at which Shi`ism grew to become the realm's confirmed religion; directly to the 16th and early 17th century ruled through Shah Abbas (1587-1629), whose patronage of paintings and structure from his capital of Isfahan embodied the Safavid spirit; and culminating with the reign of Sultan Husayn (reg. 1694-1722).
Based on meticulous scholarship, Newman deals a precious new interpretation of the increase of the Safavids and their eventual death within the eighteenth century. Safavid Iran, with its clean insights and new study, is the definitive unmarried quantity paintings at the topic.
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The Safavid dynasty, which reigned from the past due 15th to the eighteenth century, hyperlinks medieval with glossy Iran. The Safavids witnessed wide-ranging advancements in politics, battle, technology, philosophy, faith, paintings and structure. yet how did this dynasty be able to produce the most lasting and so much wonderful of Iran’s Islamic-period eras?
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Additional info for Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire
He was succeeded by his son who was, in turn, succeeded by a Rumlu. 54 Tajik support for the project also remained demonstrably firm. For the remainder of Ismail’s reign Tajiks accepted the post of vizier, for example. The longest-serving was Mirza Shah Husayni, the architectvizier of Durmish Khan Shamlu in Isfahan, who was appointed to the post in 1514 and was also the non-military vakil. A grating personality, Husayni held the post for ten years until his assassination in 1523, with issues of personal finance providing the final straw.
Most other factions of the Takkalu and some DhulQadr remained loyal to Tahmasp, however, such that Tahmasp was able to order the Shamlu leader’s execution. Sam Mirza himself chose to wait in the wings and besiege Mughal Qandahar. At his defeat by the Mughals in 1536, Sam returned to court. 4 At the centre itself the fortunes of key Tajik associates of the different tribal factions varied according to those of their tribal patrons. Jalal alDin Muhammad Tabrizi, of the Tabrizi Kujuji family, had, for example, been appointed vizier just prior to Ismail’s death.
5 . . and external threats Both the Uzbeks and Ottomans seized the advantage offered by this period of prolonged internal disorder to launch full-scale invasions of Safavid territory. The Uzbeks launched five attacks on Khurasan between 1524 and 1540. 6 The Ottomans represented the greater threat. In the aftermath of the above-mentioned Takkalu massacre some surviving Takkalu elements urged the Ottomans to intervene. In early 1532, following a European peace treaty which settled challenges on their Western borders, the Ottomans commenced two decades of invasions into Safavid territory.
Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire by Andrew J. Newman