By Nick Cullather
In 1992, the primary Intelligence corporation employed the younger historian Nick Cullather to write down a historical past (classified “secret” and for inner distribution simply) of the Agency’s Operation PBSUCCESS, which overthrew the lawful executive of Guatemala in 1954. Given complete entry to the Agency’s information, he produced a bright insider’s account, meant as a coaching handbook for covert operators, detailing how the C.I.A. selected ambitions, deliberate ideas, and arranged the mechanics of waging a mystery conflict. In 1997, in the course of a quick interval of open disclosure, the C.I.A. declassified the background with remarkably few important deletions. the recent York instances known as it “an astonishingly frank account . . . that could be a high-water mark within the agency’s openness.” here's that account, with new notes by means of the writer which make clear issues within the historical past and upload newly on hand information.In the chilly warfare surroundings of 1954, the U.S. nation division (under John Foster Dulles) and the C.I.A. (under his brother Allen Dulles) seemed Guatemala’s democratically elected leftist govt as a Soviet beachhead within the Western Hemisphere. on the C.I.A.’s path, the govt was once overthrown and changed through an army dictatorship put in by way of the business enterprise. This publication tells, for the 1st time, how a disaster-prone operation—marked by way of undesirable making plans, terrible defense, and incompetent execution—was raised to mythical prestige by way of its nearly unintentional triumph.This early C.I.A. covert operation extremely joyful either President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Dulles brothers, and Allen Dulles concluded that the obvious good fortune in Guatemala, regardless of a protracted sequence of mistakes, made the enterprise a valid version for destiny operations. This booklet finds how the legend of PBSUCCESS grew, and why makes an attempt to mimic it failed so disastrously on the Bay of Pigs in 1961 and within the Contra struggle within the 1980’s. The Afterword strains the consequences of the coup of 1954 at the next risky politics and infrequently violent background of Guatemala.
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Additional info for Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954
Indexes had been destroyed in routine purges, and there was often no way to tell which files had been burned and which preserved. Occasionally a hunch paid off or a cache of valuable files turned up in an unexpected place, but such discoveries depended on having plenty of time and luck. Ken McDonald, Mary McAuliffe, Gerald Haines, and other historians on the staff were happy to offer suggestions, but decisions about how to shape the project and the final manuscript were left entirely up to me. I first had to decide how to limit the project to a manageable scope.
The party had fewer than zoo active members 27 Handy, "Most Precious Fruit," pp. 687-703. 28 NIE 62, "Present Political Situation in Guatemala and Possible Developments During 1952," 11 March 1952, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1942-1954, 4:1031. Page 25 and had failed to infiltrate the Army, railroad and teachers' unions, and student organizations. " It would seek to increase its control through the "coordinated activity of individual Communists," and by using the state media to appropriate the slogans and aims of the 1944 Revolution.
Oliver Stone's movie JFK turned support for declassification into a fashion statement. S. government activities in the Philippines, I cheered the prospect of a more open CIA. The agency destabilizes history, particularly in poorer nations where rumors of dark plots often blend into a kind of surrogate history in which the CIA is the only real actor. When I arrived in Manila just after a military coup attempt had nearly toppled the Aquino government in 1990, I found many people who believed the CIA had both initiated the coup and then engineered its failure.
Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954 by Nick Cullather