By Professor Baron Pineda
Global id politics relaxation seriously on notions of ethnicity and authenticity, specifically in contexts the place indigenous id turns into a foundation for claims of social and financial justice. In modern Latin the USA there's a resurgence of indigenous claims for cultural and political autonomy and for the advantages of financial improvement. but those identities have usually been taken for granted.
In this historic ethnography, Baron Pineda strains the heritage of the port city of Bilwi, referred to now formally as Puerto Cabezas, at the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua to discover the advance, transformation, and serve as of racial different types during this area. From the English colonial interval, during the Sandinista clash of the Eighties, to the aftermath of the Contra warfare, Pineda exhibits how strong outsiders, in addition to Nicaraguans, have made efforts to steer notions approximately African and Black id one of the Miskito Indians, Afro-Nicaraguan Creoles, and Mestizos within the quarter. within the approach, he presents perception into the factors and that means of social activities and political turmoil. Shipwrecked Identities additionally contains vital serious research of the position of anthropologists and different North American students within the Contra-Sandinista clash, in addition to the methods those students have outlined ethnic identities in Latin America.
As the indigenous humans of the Mosquito Coast proceed to barter the consequences of a protracted background of contested ethnic and racial identification, this booklet takes an incredible step in wondering the origins, legitimacy, and results of such claims.
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Extra info for Shipwrecked Identities: Navigating Race on Nicaragua’s Mosquito Coast
By not being a “natural” an Indian escaped those rights and obligations. (Romero Vargas 1993a, 11) In the Paciﬁc region, the Spanish colonial administration carefully documented and promoted the group identiﬁcations of Nicaraguan natives in order to maximize and rationalize the exploitation of these Indians. In contrast, European colonial governments (Spanish and English) did not institutionalize Indian group identity in the Atlantic region in the early colonial period. That is to say, their inability to subjugate Atlantic Coast Indian groups contributed to their inability to invent or discover ethnonyms for them that corresponded to the contours of their social world.
Just as Nahuatl-speaking Mexicans who accompanied the Spanish conquistadores denigrated the Nahuat dialects of Nicaragua spoken by the Nicarao as base and inferior, so did these Nahuat-speaking groups denigrate the language and culture of non-Nahua groups. Given that Nahua-speaking groups (both Mexican and Nicarao) had been dominant groups in their respective areas, the names and concepts that they used to apply to other groups often were adopted by the Spanish. The Spanish early colonial modus operandi, which they successfully implemented in both central Mexico and Paciﬁc Nicaragua, was to subjugate the most populous, dominant, and hierarchically organized native societies.
Another early twentiethcentury German Moravian linguist, Walter Lehmann, speculated that the term was the product of the region’s South American cultural roots, deriving from a Columbian Chibchan language in which “Muyska” or “Muisca” means “men” (Lehmann 1920; also see Valle 1944, 102, and Guerrero and Guerrero 1982, 98; see Smutko 1985, 73, for another variation of this theory). Mary Helms favored Charles Gibson’s theory that “the term may be derived from the idea of ‘musket’ since the population in question was distinguished from its neighbors literally as a musket-bearing group” (Helms 1971, 16).
Shipwrecked Identities: Navigating Race on Nicaragua’s Mosquito Coast by Professor Baron Pineda