By Catherine Davies, Hilary Owen, Claire Brewster

ISBN-10: 184631027X

ISBN-13: 9781846310270

ISBN-10: 1846314119

ISBN-13: 9781846314117

The struggles for independence in Latin the USA in the course of the first half the 19th century have been observed through a wide-ranging debate approximately political rights, nationality and citizenship. In South American Independence, Catherine Davies, Claire Brewster and Hilary Owen examine the missed function of gender in that dialogue. analyzing ladies writers from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Colombia, the ebook strains the contradictions inherent in progressive pursuits that, whereas arguing for the rights of all, remained ambivalent, at top, concerning the position of ladies. via stories of either released and unpublished writings, South American Independence unearths the complicated function of girls in shaping the vexed ideologies of independence.

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Example text

In this context, the discourse of a ‘natural’ Portuguese pacificity in the colonisation of Brazil, perpetrated by the men who made love not war, provides a historical alibi for colonialism’s suppression of women, on a spectrum that runs from rape of the female slave to the fierce closeting of virginal white bloodstock. Viewed in this light, it would be difficult to argue that the relative absence of militarism and anti-colonial warfare in Portuguese America’s independence process necessarily impacted positively on women.

After all, the letters were addressed to real women, historical subjects with proper names. The discourse South American indo text 14/11/06 10:19 AM Page 35     of the half-dozen letters addressed to women in the Lecuna collection and others to Manuela Sáenz, ranges from Romantic idealisation to lighthearted mockery. In the flirtatious love letter to ‘mi adorada B…’ (written to ‘bella Bernardina’ in Cali in ), the author declares ‘lo que veo no es más que la imagen de lo que imagino’ (Lecuna : ), a telling comment indicating intractable idealism and, ultimately, the structure of specularisation (Irigaray ) underpinning the public writings (discussed below).

In fact, Bolívar had invited Manuela Sáenz (married to English doctor James Thorne) to spend some days with him in July  on the ‘El Garzal’ estate owned by the Garaycoa family not long after entering into frivolously amorous correspondence with the Garaycoa ladies (especially Joaquina) (Lynch : ). Fully aware that his reputation as a womaniser may have frightened off respectable ladies, Bolívar portrays himself as beyond moral reproach: ‘mi vida es toda espiritual y cuando vds. me vuelvan a ver ya estaré angelicado’ (Lecuna : ).

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South American Independence: Gender, Politics, Text (Liverpool University Press - Liverpool Latin American Studies) by Catherine Davies, Hilary Owen, Claire Brewster

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