By Peter Sigmund (auth.), Peter Sigmund (eds.)
This e-book bargains a concise presentation of theoretical thoughts characterizing and quantifying the slowing down of fast heavy ions in topic. even supposing the penetration of charged debris via subject has been studied for nearly 100 years, the quantitative idea for fast penetrating ions heavier than helium has been built customarily in the past decade and remains to be progressing swiftly. The publication addresses scientists and engineers operating at accelerators with an curiosity in fabrics research and amendment, clinical diagnostics and remedy, mass spectrometry and radiation harm, in addition to atomic and nuclear physicists. even though now not a textbook, this monograph represents a different resource of cutting-edge details that's priceless to a college instructor in any path related to the interplay of charged debris with matter.
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Extra resources for Stopping of Heavy Ions: A Theoretical Approach
1969) revealed that – – – stopping forces on bare helium ions were higher than four times those on bare protons, that the diﬀerence increased with decreasing projectile speed and the eﬀect could be quantiﬁed in terms of a term proportional to Z13 contributing to the stopping force. Even though the eﬀect was small – at a level of several per cent for proton energies in the MeV range – it was these measurements that triggered several theoretical studies aiming at an understanding of this ‘Z13 eﬀect’.
Data Nucl. Data Tab. 51, 173–241. Sigmund, P. (1997). “Charge-dependent electronic stopping of swift nonrelativistic heavy ions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3781–3793. , Fettouhi, A. and Schinner, A. (2003). “Material dependence of electronic stopping,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 209, 19–25. Sigmund, P. and Glazov, L. (1998). “Energy loss and charge exchange: statistics and atomistics,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 136-38, 47–54. Sigmund, P. and Glazov, L. G. (2003). “Interplay of charge exchange and projectile excitation in the stopping of swift heavy ions,” Europ.
1972). “Charge states and charge-changing cross sections of fast heavy ions penetrating through gaseous and solid media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 465– 539. Betz, H. D. and Grodzins, L. (1970). “Charge states and excitation of fast heavy ions passing through solids: a new model for the density eﬀect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 211–214. Bohr, N. (1940). “Scattering and stopping of ﬁssion fragments,” Phys. Rev. 58, 654–655. Bohr, N. (1941). “Velocity-range relation for ﬁssion fragments,” Phys. Rev. 59, 270–275.
Stopping of Heavy Ions: A Theoretical Approach by Peter Sigmund (auth.), Peter Sigmund (eds.)