By John A. Carpenter

ISBN-10: 0823219887

ISBN-13: 9780823219889

Oliver Otis Howard committed his existence to the carrier of his nation, either as a extraordinary military officer in wars and because the founding father of universities. Oliver Otis Howard was once a graduate of Bowdoin collage and of West element. Being reared in a pious New England (Maine) surroundings gave him a deep feel of legal responsibility to guide a Christian lifestyles, for the nice of others and for the improvement of his personal top self. He was once usually disturbed by way of the clash offered him in his twin occupation in peace and war.General Howard's powerful experience of responsibility to his nation led to his special occupation of command throughout the Civil War-at the conflict of Chancellorsville, itself a disappointing rout, and at Gettysburg, the place he recovered any attractiveness the sooner defeat may need misplaced him. below common Sherman, within the Atlanta crusade, and as a pace-setter of the military of the Tennessee he gained detailed contrast. In overall, Howard fought on the First Bull Run, reasonable Oaks (where serious wounds pressured the amputation of his correct arm), moment Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.The comparable robust feel of responsibility made him settle for the fee of the Freedmen's Bureau and the promoting of African-American schooling. Following his carrier within the Nez Perce crusade of 1877 he used to be superintendent of West element and the founding father of Lincoln Memorial college. His maximum provider to schooling, notwithstanding, used to be as founder and president of Howard college, the place his identify and occupation are held in honor.

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For a brief look at the feud between Howard and Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock and Howard's efforts to defend his Gettysburg reputation, see Harry W. Pfanz, Gettysburg: Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993), 379-81. 8. Stephen W. Sears, Chancellorsville (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996), 263-87, passim. 9. James I. , Stonewall Jackson: The Man, the Soldier, the Legend (New York: Macmillan Publishing USA, 1997), 716-724. 10. Pfanz, Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill, 25-30.

I have had quite a number of sectional speeches to put up with. "15 That summer, before Lizzie and Guy arrived, Howard had the chance to do some fishing along the Mohawk River and to travel down the Hudson to see friends at West Point. 16 In December he and Lizzie spent a week in New York. 17 The second lieutenant and his wife lived as well as possible, with their two servants,18 carriage, and occasional trips. Howard was proud of his new position in life and wanted to be a credit to his profession.

He had a genuine interest in learning, though he found it necessary to convince himself that an education was desirable. If after having finished his college course, he mused, he proved to have little talent in a profession, he might regret that he had not become a farmer. ". . but my ambition is of higher & more extended nature," he told his mother while he was still a freshman. "Education is my first aim. . ''11 His decision was good; Bowdoin gave him the opportunity to learn, and Otis Howard, an ambitious youth, did not let the opportunity pass.

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Sword and Olive Branch: Oliver Otis Howard by John A. Carpenter

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