By Michael Tye

ISBN-10: 0190278013

ISBN-13: 9780190278014

ISBN-10: 0190278021

ISBN-13: 9780190278021

ISBN-10: 0190278048

ISBN-13: 9780190278045

What's it like 'on the interior' for nonhuman animals? Do they believe something? most folk fortunately settle for that canine, for instance, proportion many reports and emotions with us. yet what approximately easier creatures? Fish? Honeybees? Crabs? Turning to the factitious realm, what approximately robots? This paintings provides solutions to those questions.


what's it like 'on the interior' for nonhuman animals? Do they suppose whatever? most folks fortunately settle for that canine, for instance, percentage many stories and emotions with us. yet what approximately simpler Read more...

Show description

Read Online or Download Tense bees and shell-shocked crabs : are animals conscious? PDF

Similar epistemology books

Download e-book for kindle: The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism by Barry Stroud

This publication increases questions about the character of philosophy via interpreting the resource and importance of 1 relevant philosophical challenge: how do we recognize whatever concerning the global round us? Stroud discusses and criticizes the perspectives of such philosophers as Descartes, Kant, J. L. Austin, G. E. Moore, R.

Download e-book for kindle: Representation and Productive Ambiguity in Mathematics and by Emily R. Grosholz

Emily Grosholz deals an unique research of demonstration in arithmetic and technological know-how, analyzing the way it works and why it's persuasive. concentrating on geometrical demonstration, she indicates the jobs that illustration and ambiguity play in mathematical discovery. She provides quite a lot of case reports in mechanics, topology, algebra, common sense, and chemistry, from old Greece to the current day, yet focusing quite at the 17th and 20th centuries.

Download e-book for kindle: Scepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties by P.F. Strawson

First released in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.

Download PDF by Kelly Becker, Tim Black: The sensitivity principle in epistemology

The sensitivity precept is a compelling suggestion in epistemology and is usually characterised as an important situation for wisdom. This selection of 13 new essays constitutes a state of the art dialogue of this crucial precept. the various essays construct on and advance sensitivity-based bills of data and provide novel defences of these bills.

Extra resources for Tense bees and shell-shocked crabs : are animals conscious?

Example text

Secondly, either the higher-​order thought is conscious or it isn’t. If it isn’t, then how can its presence make us conscious of the experience? For, as already noted, consciousness of a thing requires a conscious state about that thing. Relatedly, if the thought is unconscious, and the experience, in and of itself, is also unconscious, it is a mystery how putting together two unconscious mental states can generate a mental state that is conscious, namely, a conscious experience. On the other hand, if the higher-​order thought is conscious, what makes it conscious?

These last two points need some elaboration. Recall the earlier definition in ­chapter 1 of a triangle: a triangle is a closed, three-​sided figure. We can see this definition as providing an analysis of the concept or idea of a triangle, one that equips us to decide very easily whether given figures are triangles or not. Descartes may be seen as offering an equally objective definition of what it is for a being to be capable of thought: a being is capable of thought if and only if it is capable of using language.

This brings us to a third objection that might be raised to the Simple View, namely, that it cannot adequately account for the phenomenon of higher-​order consciousness. Each of us is subject to a wide range of mental states, and we can often know what mental state we are undergoing by introspection. When we do so, we are conscious of the mental state we introspect, but there is no experience involved in this conscious act, or at least there need not be. So consciousness can occur without experience, and the Simple View is mistaken.

Download PDF sample

Tense bees and shell-shocked crabs : are animals conscious? by Michael Tye

by Jason

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 17 votes