By Hattula Moholy-Nagy
Occupied continually for 1,500 years, Tikal was once crucial demographic, monetary, administrative, and formality middle of its quarter. the gathering of fabrics recovered at Tikal is the biggest and so much various identified from the Lowlands.
This ebook offers an enormous physique of basic info. The artifacts, represented through such uncooked fabrics as chert and shell are categorized by way of style, quantity, , attainable historical use, shape, fabric, measurement, and such secondary alterations as ornament and remodeling, in addition to through spatial distribution, prevalence within the numerous kinds of constitution teams, restoration context, and date. an analogous structure, aside from typology, is used for unworked fabrics corresponding to mineral pigments and vertebrate remains.
While few artifact stories transcend a catalog of items geared up through kind or uncooked fabric, this record places the fabrics into their previous cultural contexts and therefore is of curiosity to quite a lot of scholars.
Content of this book's CD-ROM could be came across on-line at this place: http://core.tdar.org/document/376593.
University Museum Monograph, 118
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Extra info for The Artifacts of Tikal: Utilitarian Artifacts and Unworked Material: Tikal Report 27B
The smallest complete example, which had been reworked from a larger piece (Fig. 0 cm long. The largest, almost complete example (Fig. 5 cm long, although the fragments shown on Fig. B: 68a and b indicate that larger bifacial points and knives were also in use. 5 gm. No secondary modifications were reported for 209 examples, including several that I was unable to examine in the field. Three fragments showed crackling as though they had been heated and then suddenly cooled. Fifty-one whole and fragmentary points or knives, representing 19 percent of the sample, had been reworked.
I suggest they were a way of dis- 25 posing of quantities of knapping waste generated over a short period of time that were too large to dispose of on household middens. Like the imposing surface deposits of chert workshop debris found at sites like Colha (Hester 1980) and El Pedernal (Black and Suhler 1986), the exterior burial deposits at Tikal include very little material other than debitage. Although, or perhaps because, chert and obsidian were the principle materials for durable utilitarian artifacts for Precolumbian Mesoamerican societies, these substances also took on ceremonial function.
One scraper had been made on a flake of fine-grained limestone. Twenty scrapers were made on flakes of various kinds of fine, imported chert (Fig. B: 52b-l). Many were made on decortication flakes (Fig. B: 53a-h). Scraper edges were also noted on nodules (Fig. B: 54q), small cores, and biface thinning and edge rejuvenation flakes (Fig. B: 54a-p). The cortex on two scrapers had been ground (Fig. B: 53c, l). A few scrapers of obsidian were also recovered (Chapter Three). 6 cm in greatest length, measured to the edge opposite the platform.
The Artifacts of Tikal: Utilitarian Artifacts and Unworked Material: Tikal Report 27B by Hattula Moholy-Nagy