By José E. Alvarez

ISBN-10: 0313306974

ISBN-13: 9780313306976

Following her defeat within the Spanish-American struggle of 1898, Spain shifted her colonial concentration to her Protectorate in northern Morocco. whilst Spanish conscripts started to struggle and to die by means of the hundreds of thousands, political fallout compelled the govt to create a brand new unit squaddies. This unit may serve the twin functionality of delivering struggling with males for Moroccan provider, whereas sparing the lives of conscripted males. below its founder, José Millán off beam, and his deputy, Francisco Franco, the Spanish international Legion might fast turn into the spearhead for Spain's military in Africa. this is often the tale of the construction, association, and wrestle position of the Legion in its youth from 1919 to 1927.

Based upon archival resources in Madrid, Segovia, and Ceuta, this can be the 1st and so much whole historical past in English or Spanish of the early years of the Spanish overseas Legion. The unit used to be instrumental in crushing Abd-el-Krim's uprising opposed to Spanish colonial authority. while the Riffians annihilated the military of normal Silvestre at Annual in 1921 and have been poised to assault the Spanish enclave of Melilla, it used to be the coming of the Legion that pacified its panic-stricken voters. The strength will be within the leading edge of all significant offensives undertaken in recapturing the territory misplaced in 1921, and its amphibious touchdown at Alhucemas Bay in 1925 marked the start of the tip for the Rif Rebellion.

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Extra info for The Betrothed of Death: The Spanish Foreign Legion During the Rif Rebellion, 1920-1927

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He swore an oath to him, and the new sultan reinstated el Raisuni as governor of the Yebala and part of the Lukus, as well as pasha of Arcila. He was both feared and respected by the tribesmen of the Yebala. With his wealth and power, he built palaces in Tangier, Tetuan, Xauen, Arcila, Larache, Zinat, and Tazarut. Until his capture by Abd-el-Krim, he was a power to be reckoned with by both the Spaniards and the tribesmen of the Yebala. See Woolman, Rebels in the Rif, 50-53. For more on Ahmed el Raisuli, see Rosita Forbes, El Raisuni, the Sultan of the Mountains: His Life as Told to Rosita Forbes (London: Thornton Butterworth, 1924).

Carlos Mico y Espana, Los caballeros de la Legion (El libro del Tercio de Extranjeros), with a prologue by Tomas Borras and with various letters from Lieutenant Colonel Jose Millan Astray, first commander of the Tercio de Extranjeros (Madrid: Ucesores De Rivadeneyra, 1922), 19, shows the recruitment poster, which read as follows: Enlist in the Legion of Foreigners! Spaniards and foreigners: Those who are fond of the Army and of its glories, those who enjoy life in the field, enlist! The Tercio de Extranjeros is an Infantry Corps which will have its own banner, and its soldiers shall be sheltered by it.

Mellor, 64; and Woolman, Rebels in the Rif, 62. 20. Payne, 114. For more on the poor state of the army circa 1909, see Fleming, "Disaster of Annual," 33-34. 21. Vaughan, 4; Carr, 521; and Blanco Escola, 81. 22. Mellor, 66-67. For more on the army's situation in the protectorate, see Woolman, Rebels in the Rif, 97-100; Payne, 159-160; and Azpeitua, 107-109. For an excellent view of life in the Spanish army in Morocco from one who served as an NCO during this period, see Arturo Barea, The Forging of a Rebel, trans.

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The Betrothed of Death: The Spanish Foreign Legion During the Rif Rebellion, 1920-1927 by José E. Alvarez

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