By Ines Fiedler (Ed.), Anne Schwarz (Ed.)
This booklet analyzes different styles stumbled on throughout subsaharan Africa to specific info constitution. in line with languages from all 4 African language phyla, it files the good range of linguistic skill used to encode information-structural phenomena and is consequently hugely suitable for one of the most pertinent questions in sleek linguistic conception. The particular contribution of this quantity is the point of view on numerous information-structurally similar phenomena which move a long way past classical notions reminiscent of concentration and subject. specified investigations are devoted to thus far much less mentioned focal subcategories, like specialise in verbal operators or the thetic-categorical contrast. eventually, the information-structural configuration of unmarked, canonical sentence constructions is well-known. The papers supply facts that the formal ability to encode information-structural different types variety from capacity resembling morphological markers or syntactic operations, well-known in linguistics, to much less famous techniques, similar to defocalization instead of focalization.
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Extra resources for The Expression of Information Structure: A Documentation of Its Diversity Across Africa
B. @Nyam ᷆ yε¯nì ēd6 ŋ ᷆ su᷇. ’ There is also evidence for the presence of a type of topicalization construction in Naki which can target, at least, subjects and objects. This construction involves a noun phrase at the left edge of the sentence associated with a resumptive pronoun Topic and focus fields in Naki closer to the verb. The examples in (16) contrast a sentence not making use of this construction, in (16a), with one making use of it, in (16b). These sentences were in free variation in an elicitation context.
It might be assumed that the kinds of performance ‘errors’ Elderkin found would not occur in written texts, such as those collected for the present research. However, the authors of the texts under discussion here were writing in their mother tongue for the first time and were not experienced writers in any other language. The text 18. The object in this clause is also part of the focus, and thus is followed by a pc. 19. 6 in Appendix 2). 19 20 Helen Eaton corpus contains eight examples of an object, PP or adverb following a verb and in some of these examples the placement of the constituent after the verb can be interpreted as an afterthought which clarifies where or how something is happening, or to what something is happening.
Institute for the Study of Languages and Culture of Asia and Africa. Translated by F. Ingham-Nagasawa. Lambrecht, Knud. 1994. Information structure and sentence form. Topic, focus and the mental representation of discourse referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Thwing, Rhonda and Watters, John. 1987. Focus in Vute. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 9(2): 95–121. Tuller, Laurice. 1987. Variation in FOCUS constructions. ), 9–33. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Tuller, Laurice. 1992.
The Expression of Information Structure: A Documentation of Its Diversity Across Africa by Ines Fiedler (Ed.), Anne Schwarz (Ed.)