By Gyles Iannone

ISBN-10: 160732279X

ISBN-13: 9781607322795

In The nice Maya Droughts in Cultural Context, participants reject the popularized hyperlink among societal cave in and drought in Maya civilization, arguing sequence of periodic “collapses,” together with the notorious Terminal vintage cave in (AD 750–1050), weren't brought on exclusively via weather change–related droughts yet by means of a mixture of different social, political, and environmental components. New and senior students of archaeology and environmental technology discover the timing and depth of droughts and supply a nuanced figuring out of socio-ecological dynamics, with particular connection with what makes groups resilient or susceptible whilst confronted with environmental change.Contributors realize the lifestyles of 4 droughts that correlate with classes of demographic and political decline and establish quite a few concurrent political and social matters. They argue that those basic underlying elements have been exacerbated via drought stipulations and eventually ended in societal transitions that have been certainly not uniform throughout numerous websites and subregions. in addition they deconstruct the concept that of “collapse” itself—although the road of Maya kings ended with the Terminal vintage cave in, the Maya humans and their civilization survived.

The nice Maya Droughts in Cultural Context offers new insights into the advanced sequence of occasions that impacted the decline of Maya civilization. this crucial contribution to our more and more finished figuring out of historical Maya tradition should be of curiosity to scholars and students of archaeology, anthropology, geography, and environmental studies.

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Additional resources for The Great Maya Droughts in Cultural Context: Case Studies in Resilience and Vulnerability

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All three chapters emphasize that because of the centers’ locations on large rivers and high annual rainfall, too much rain may have been more of a problem than not enough. Equally significant is that the problems in these kingdoms appear to have started earlier than the projected drought of the middle eighth century AD, as early as AD 730, if not before. These researchers also demonstrate that the collapse trajectories in these regions are marked by considerable warfare and by violence toward elite members of society, including ruling families.

Part I—which includes the current introduction, along with Chapters 2–4—focuses on key issues, concepts, and definitions relating to the study of coupled socioecological systems, the “collapse” of complex societies, and the I ntroduction 11 potential impacts of droughts. The current chapter has focused specifically on theoretical issues surrounding resilience theory, broadly construed. These ideas help frame many of the discussions found throughout the volume. Chapter 2, by Aimers and Iannone, provides a critical evaluation of the concept of collapse, and useful suggestions as to not only what we mean by the term but how it can be applied appropriately, and effectively, in our research into the long-term dynamics of coupled socioecological systems.

D. Chase and A. Chase 2004b:26; Rice and Rice 2004). On the other hand, the terminological debate also centers on two very different perspectives on what a collapse actually entails. , McAnany and Yoffee 2010a). Defined in such a way, the concept of collapse becomes a “straw man” that is easily toppled, given that it is impossible for such a complete and rapid eradication of a cultural system to ever have occurred (Strickland 2011:16). , as noted above, changes that have negative impacts on human welfare) that are more dramatic than the normal oscillations characteristic of any sociocultural developmental sequence (as discussed previously).

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The Great Maya Droughts in Cultural Context: Case Studies in Resilience and Vulnerability by Gyles Iannone


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