By Liyakat N. Takim
Appears at how a number of factions used the culture that students have been the "heirs of the Prophet" in the course of the classical interval of Islam (570–1258 CE).
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Additional info for The Heirs of the Prophet: Charisma And Religious Authority in Shi'ite Islam
Various groups claimed to be heirs of the Prophet during the early period of Islamic history, thereby validating their claims to religious and/or political authority. 129 There is signiﬁcant evidence to suggest that both the Umayyad and ¡Abbasid caliphs sought this title. For the caliphs, their position as the political leaders of the Muslim community entitled them to the honoriﬁc epithet, since, as rulers of the community, they held the same ofﬁce that the Prophet himself had occupied. As I have discussed, the caliphs also laid claims to be religious leaders who were divinely sanctiﬁed in their positions.
91 For the shari¡ men of Kufa, their interpretations based on reasoning (ra£y) on an agreed precedent also constituted authority. The Kuﬁ shari¡ men’s different notion of authority was also expressed in their claim to use analogy in the extension of prophetic practice and in their ability to decide on rational grounds, as opposed to ruling on the basis of transmitted practice that purportedly reﬂects prophetic practice. 92 His authority was further predicated on his exercise of juristic reasoning in the solution of problems that were not explicitly treated in revelatory texts.
Thus, authority not only resides in the practices of Medina, but also is extended to include the “Great Shaykh” who interprets and decides on normative sunna. “The Scholars Are Heirs of the Prophets” In contrast to the jurists of Medina, the shari¡ men of Kufa had a variant view of authority. For them, acceptance of authority based on local practice was tantamount to equating contemporary practice with prophetic practice. They further argued that equating sunna with the practices of a local area did not necessarily mean that this approximated with prophetic practice.
The Heirs of the Prophet: Charisma And Religious Authority in Shi'ite Islam by Liyakat N. Takim