By Thomas Höwing
The concept of a last finish of human behavior the top stable lies on the centre of vital components of Kant s philosophy, resembling his ethical concept, his philosophy of faith, his perspectives at the historic development of the human species, and his notion of rationality. This choice of new essays makes an attempt to reconsider the doctrine of the top strong and to figure out its relevance for modern philosophy. "
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Extra resources for The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy
He also claims that his conception of a good will can already be found in every “natural See Engstrom for a detailed discussion. In Kleingeld , I suggest an account of why Kant, in the Critique of Practical Reason, discusses the highest good “in a person” in terms of the proportionality between virtue and happiness (Kleingeld : ). See Willaschek for a discussion of the postulates. The argument in this essay elaborates and partially modifies the account I sketched in outline in Kleingeld : –.
In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant describes the highest good in terms of a moral world in which rational beings, “under the guidance of such [moral] principles, would themselves be the authors both of their own enduring welfare and at the same time that of others” (KrV A809/B837). This world is a “system of self-rewarding morality”, and it is an idea “the realization of which rests on the condition that everyone do what he should” (KrV A809/B837). The rational inhabitants of this world are virtuous: they all act under the guidance of moral principles, and their virtuous activity causes general happiness.
For happiness might then in principle also be brought about by other means than by virtuous action. It could, for example, be regarded as a reward or supplement distributed by God (see Beiser : –). 40 Pauline Kleingeld “Happiness is the state of a rational being in the world in the whole of whose existence everything goes according to his wish and will, and rests, therefore, on the harmony of nature with his whole end as well as with the essential determining ground of his will” (KpV 5:124).
The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy by Thomas Höwing