By Ndiva Kofele-Kale
Concentrating on the matter of indigenous spoilation in constructing nations, this paintings explores the debatable factor of spoilation by way of nationwide officers of the wealth of the states of which they're custodians. as a result of constraints of the kingdom procedure and the inability of acceptable important municipal legislation, efforts to punish these answerable for the industrial rape of whole countries and to recuperate spoilated money were annoyed and rendered insubstantial. Taking a multidisciplinary procedure and at the foundation of information generated from empirical, cross-national learn, this learn makes the case for indigenous spoilation as a contravention of foreign legislations. considerably revised and up to date to take account of modern felony and political advancements, the second one variation may be a invaluable source for lecturers, practitioners, NGOs, and policymakers.
Read Online or Download The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes: Holding State Officials Individually Liable for Acts of Fraudulent Enrichment PDF
Best economy books
Broadening and deepening of financial and political integration are hallmarks of the european and ASEAN. This booklet severely analyses the commercial and institutional alterations in either Europe and Asia. there's massive capability for instability, yet one additionally unearths nearby progress possibilities. Comparative coverage research and review of varied cooperation recommendations are provided.
"When will i am getting it? How a lot will it fee? "For the customer, those are the 2 most important questions. price making plans solutions those questions and is essential to the workforce engaged on the layout and development of a undertaking. This introductory textual content on development economics and value making plans presents the reader with the elemental abilities and data to function as a construction specialist within the zone of financial suggestion and selection making on the venture point.
This electronic record is a magazine article from magazine of economic Economics, released by means of Elsevier in 2004. the thing is brought in HTML layout and comes in your Amazon. com Media Library instantly after buy. you could view it with any net browser.
We learn insider buying and selling in expert and broker markets, utilizing the trades of inventory agents who had strengthen copies of a inventory research column in enterprise Week journal. we discover that raises in fee and quantity happen after proficient trades. in the course of trained buying and selling, marketplace makers reduce intensity. intensity falls extra at the NYSE and Amex than at the Nasdaq. Spreads raise at the NYSE and Amex, yet no longer at the Nasdaq. we discover none of those pre-release adjustments in a nontraded regulate pattern of shares pointed out within the column. Our effects express that insider buying and selling has a detrimental effect on industry liquidity; intensity is a vital software to control uneven details hazard; and professional markets are higher at detecting proficient trades.
- Globalisation and Enlargement of the European Union: Austrian and Swedish Social Forces in the Struggle over Membership
- Incomplete Contracts and Strategic Ambiguity (from The American Economic Review, Vol. 88, No.4, Sep., 1998)
- Entrepreneurship: Determinants and Policy in a European-U.S. Comparison
- International Investment Perspectives: 2006 Edition
- Patterns of a Network Economy
Extra resources for The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes: Holding State Officials Individually Liable for Acts of Fraudulent Enrichment
Kinley III, Aiding Migration: The Impact of International Development Assistance on Haiti, 16 (1988). 83 Lundahl and others84 contend that successive Haitian dictators but most notably under the Duvaliers (père et fils), established a predatory relation with the Haitian economy. 86 While in power from 1957 to 1971, Papa Doc Duvalier officially received a modest presidential salary of only $20,000 per annum. 87 In 1963, according to estimates by the International Commission of Jurists, Duvalier and his close collaborators mulcted the Haitian treasury of about $10 million per year.
What obligations do they owe to the victim State and its peoples? These are some of the questions this study intends to address. The analysis is presented in two parts. Part I situates the problem of fraudulent enrichment by heads of States and other high-ranking public officials in the context of decades-long efforts at elaborating and developing a regime of law to deal with international crimes by individuals. An attempt is made here to trace the emergence and progressive evolution of an international legal norm which imposes a fiduciary duty on constitutionally-responsible rulers with respect to the exercise and disposal of national wealth and natural resources for the exclusive benefit of the peoples whom they govern.
The doctrine of ubi jus ibi remedium (where there is a right there has to be a remedy) does not seem to apply as easily as it would apply to domestic law in civil and criminal cases. Yet the Commission recognized that the international community has a legal interest, along with the individually-harmed state, to address the breach: ... 18 The problem remains, though, that international law has no central authority empowered to initiate criminal proceedings or impose punishment. Nor does international law allow individual States to act as self-appointed representatives of the international community in fixing responsibility or inflicting punishment.
The International Law of Responsibility for Economic Crimes: Holding State Officials Individually Liable for Acts of Fraudulent Enrichment by Ndiva Kofele-Kale