By Edgar W. Schneider, Peter Trudgill, Daniel Schreier, Jeffrey P. Williams
This is often the 1st ever quantity to bring together sociolinguistic and historic details on lesser-known, and comparatively neglected, local different types of English all over the world. Exploring parts as various because the Pacific, South the USA, the South Atlantic and West Africa, it exhibits how those types are as a lot a part of the massive photograph as significant types and that their research is key for addressing a few actually very important matters in linguistic concept, similar to dialect obsolescence and demise, language delivery, dialect typology and genetic type, styles of diffusion and transplantation and contact-induced language switch. It additionally indicates how shut interwoven fields comparable to social background, touch linguistics and variationist sociolinguistics are in accounting for his or her formation and upkeep, supplying an intensive description of the lesser-known types of English and their relevance for language unfold and alter.
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Extra resources for The Lesser-Known Varieties of English: An Introduction (Studies in English Language)
Dark variation (Tait ). In Lerwick SSE, dark /l/occurs in all positions (Sundkvist ). Orkney consonants share most of the properties described for Shetland, albeit to a lesser degree. TH-stopping is rare: the familiar form of address, for example, is represented as thu or thoo in Orkney dialect writing, but as du in Shetland. The relic realizations of k-clusters as described for Shetland are not found in present-day Orkney dialect. e. in words such as nurse or course. Prosody Even in popular perception, Orkney and Shetland intonation are remarkably different; in fact, the ‘sing-song lilt’ is probably the most salient feature of Orkney speech.
Wee discusses the consequences of this peculiar situation and the history and status of the group, and analyses some linguistic samples and an idiolect recording, showing that except for a few peculiarities Eurasian English, although it is singled out as a distinct variety in some contexts, largely resembles acrolectal Singaporean English. The English language in the Pacific region has undergone many contactinduced changes, which has led to a diversity of varieties, most notably Australian English, New Zealand English and Tok Pisin of Papua New Guinea.
For lack of space, it is not possible to do justice to the unique and fascinating local lexicon; it is also notoriously difficult to provide structured accounts of a ‘dialect thesaurus’. We will limit ourselves to exemplifying a few areas which are particularly rich in local, nonstandard vocabulary: Flora and fauna: cockaloorie ‘daisy’, shalder ‘oyster-catcher’, scarf ‘cormorant’; Traditional tools: tushkar ‘spade for cutting peats’ (a device developed in the Faroe islands); Weather terminology: dalamist ‘a special, low-lying mist’; Colours and characteristics pertaining to sheep: sholmet ‘wearing a helmet’, moorit ‘light brown’; Emotive, characterizing adjectives: debaetless ‘exhausted’, inbigget ‘stubborn’.
The Lesser-Known Varieties of English: An Introduction (Studies in English Language) by Edgar W. Schneider, Peter Trudgill, Daniel Schreier, Jeffrey P. Williams