By Alex Metcalfe
This crucial new paintings makes a speciality of the formation and disintegration of Arab-Muslim rule and society in Sicily and south Italy among 800 and 1300 which resulted in the construction of a permanent Muslim-Christian frontier through the age of the Crusades. It examines the lengthy and non permanent impression of Islamic authority and tradition on those areas and the way they later fell into the palms of eu rulers, explaining how the Norman conquest of Sicily got here to import notably assorted dynamics to the principal Mediterranean. The swap of ruling elites left a majority Muslim inhabitants lower than Christian rule, however the Sicilian kings additionally followed and tailored political ideologies from south Mediterranean regimes whereas soaking up cultural affects from the varied peoples over whom they governed. This paintings presents an interesting, specialist and wide-ranging advent to the topic and provides clean and transparent insights into the politico-religious, socio-economic and cultural evolution of Europe and the Islamic international. (10/1/10)
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Extra resources for The Muslims of Medieval Italy (New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys)
20 Similar expeditions and annual summer sorties were organised and led, for the most part, by the Aghlabid rulers of Sicily themselves. The campaigns around this time are significant because of the details given about the army’s conduct which, apart from widespread burning and destruction, suggests that they were sometimes less interested in payment as a form of negotiated settlement than taking captives. At Qaßr al-JadÈd, in the following year, the army turned down an offer of 15,000 dinars in return for peace.
II:10. Ibn al-AthÈr also recorded significant numbers of captives, BAS2 Ar. I:279; It. I:378. Amari-Nallino, SMS2 II:13–16. The notables of the ‘council’ at Palermo (min aÆyÅn al-jamÅÆa) are attested in Ibn al-AthÈr, BAS2 Ar. I:300 and 302; BAS2 It. I:416. Moshe Gil, ‘Sicily 827–1072, in the light of the Geniza documents and parallel sources’, in Italia Judaica. Gli ebrei in Sicilia sino all’espulsione del 1492, Atti del V 24 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 The Muslims of medieval Italy convegno internazionale, Palermo, 15–19 giugno 1992 (Rome, 1995), pp.
62 and 116, n. 50. 2 The consolidation of Muslim authority in Sicily On Sicily, after the capture of Castrogiovanni (modern Enna) in 859, the Aghlabids dominated the central regions of the island, enabling them to push into its south-eastern third or Val di Noto. Spurred by the loss of Castrogiovanni, Byzantine forces arrived from overseas to save the remains of their authority in the east. Their advent coincided with an uprising of towns in the southwest including Agrigento, Caltabellotta and Platani which, until now, had remained largely quiescent after their conquest.
The Muslims of Medieval Italy (New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys) by Alex Metcalfe