By Patrick Barrett, Daniel Chavez, Caesar Rodriguez-Garavito
It was once largely envisioned that the tip of the chilly conflict might result in a chronic interval of US-friendly neo-liberal hegemony in Latin the US. in reality, the left has re-emerged as a major political actor. this day, leftist or 'progressive' political forces are in executive in 9 Latin American international locations, and social events proceed to problem neo-liberalism in different different countries.This ebook is a complete learn of the wide range of leftist governments, events and routine within the quarter, together with Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela.It is vital for college students of Latin American politics, political concept, social activities and diplomacy.
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Additional resources for The New Latin American Left: Utopia Reborn (Transnational Institute)
Winning government office and the democratic reform of the state remain central objectives for many of the new political forces. Alongside these, however, a significant group of social movements promotes an anti-party, anti-state position, based on civil resistance and self-management. Among these, Holloway (2001) and Zibechi (2003) have highlighted the Zapatistas in Mexico and the piqueteros in Argentina. This strategic position and the reaction it has provoked among analysts have given rise to some of the most intense academic and political debates about the new left, as we shall see at the end of this introduction.
In his chapter, Atilio Boron emphasises the ambiguity of the concept and the risks it poses for the left when the term is understood as the condensation of political virtues, in opposition to the state. In the same vein, Emir Sader (2002) has criticised the international left’s concentration on civil society, and its consequent abandonment of the task of transforming the state, which would thereby remain in the hands of neo-liberal reformers. Álvarez (1998) and Pearce and Howell (2001) – among other analysts – have warned of the risks of NGOisation of social movements: that is to say, the possible domination by NGOs of social activist agendas and forms of action.
At the end of the last century, two historic events changed the balance of forces within the left in favour of the radical democratic tradition. The first, mentioned above, was the end of ‘really existing socialism’ and the demise of the revolutionary path. This served to reinforce the shift initiated in the 1980s toward replacing the idea of revolution with that of democracy as the central concept of the left’s political ideology (Weffort, 1984; Lechner, 1988). The second was the experience of opposition to the right-wing military dictatorships in various countries, in which leftist parties and activists played a leading role.
The New Latin American Left: Utopia Reborn (Transnational Institute) by Patrick Barrett, Daniel Chavez, Caesar Rodriguez-Garavito