By Helga Ramsey-Kurz
Public debates at the advantages and hazards of mass literacy triggered nineteenth-century British authors to write down approximately illiteracy. because the early 20th century writers outdoors Europe have paid expanding cognizance to the topic as a degree either one of cultural dependence and independence. to this point literary reviews has taken little observe of this. The Non-Literate different: Readings of Illiteracy in Twentieth-Century Novels in English bargains motives for this loss of curiosity in illiteracy among students of literature, and makes an attempt to therapy this overlook by means of posing the query of the way writers use their literacy to jot down a couple of extensively not like their very own. solutions to this query are given within the research of 19 works that includes illiterates but by no means ahead of studied for doing so. The publication explores the scriptlessness of Neanderthals in William Golding, of barbarians in Angela Carter, David Malouf, and J.M. Coetzee, of African natives in Joseph Conrad and Chinua Achebe, of Maoris in Patricia Grace and Chippewas in Louise Erdrich, of fugitive or former slaves and their descendants in Richard Wright, Toni Morrison, and Ernest Gaines, of Untouchables in Mulk Raj Anand and Salman Rushdie, and of migrants in Maxine Hong Kingston, pleasure Kogawa, and Amy Tan. In so doing it conveys a transparent experience of the complexity and variability of the phenomenon of non-literacy in addition to its fictional resourcefulness.
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Extra info for The Non-Literate Other: Readings of Illiteracy in Twentieth-Century Novels in English. (Costerus NS)
46 Neil Postman, Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourses in the Age of Show Business (1984), London, 1987, 149. In the Humanities: Tabooed 33 decline of typography in America caused by the persistent expansion of entertainment industry especially via television: We are now a culture whose information, ideas and epistemology are given form by television, not by the printed word. To be sure there are still readers and there are many books published, but the uses of print and reading are not the same as they once were; not even in schools, the last institutions where print was thought to be invincible.
By tacit agreement they simply failed to recognize that the term “literature” precludes the recognition of oral utterances as literature and that, strictly speaking, the expression “oral literature” is only an oxymoronic construction. 8 Arguably, it was the special phonocentric bias of twentieth-century literary critics and theorists that prevented them from appropriating Walter Ong’s binary opposition of orality and literacy in the same way as representatives of other academic disciplines had done.
45 While in these studies the illiterate as a potentially problematic deviation from the existing norm is completely passed over, illiteracy is discussed at great length as a potential norm of the future. , 109). 45 For a discussion of the ideological reason and implications of this development, see Paul Goetsch, “Der Übergang von Mündlichkeit zu Schriftlichkeit: Die kulturkritischen und ideologischen Implikationen der Theorien von McLuhan, Goody und Ong”, in Symbolische Formen, Medien, Identität, ed.
The Non-Literate Other: Readings of Illiteracy in Twentieth-Century Novels in English. (Costerus NS) by Helga Ramsey-Kurz