By Wil Hout
The 1st prolonged research of selectivity guidelines of significant bilateral and multilateral relief donors, this publication combines a policy-analytical with a quantitative-empirical technique. Bringing out the conflicts which may exist among overseas tips agendas and the need of governments in constructing nations to set priorities for his or her nationwide improvement rules, the writer: describes intimately the rules of relief selectivity followed by means of the realm financial institution, the Netherlands and the us because the finish of the Nineties together with the underlying assumptions seems to be at key judgements on the topic of a variety of constructing international locations compares policy-making and varied techniques to selectivity within the uk with these in constructing nations. serious and analytical widespread, this e-book is, between different components, a useful source for college kids of assorted sub-fields of improvement experiences and coverage research in addition to beautiful to researchers and coverage makers operating within the sector of overseas counsel around the globe.
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Extra info for The Politics of Aid Selectivity: Good Governance Criteria in World Bank, U.S. and Dutch Development Assistance (Routledge Studies in Development EconomicsA?)
Jayasuriya and Rosser 2001: 388–91; Fine 2003: 4; Önis¸ and S¸enses 2005: 275): when building institutions governments ‘first need to assess what is inhibiting market development or leading to certain market outcomes’. The main concern of policy-makers should be to assess what kind of information is lacking to let markets function properly, whether the definition and enforcement of property rights is clear, and whether there is too little or too much competition. Importantly, institutions should be designed ‘so that the incentives of market actors are aligned to achieve the desired outcome’ (World Bank 2002: 10).
Important modifications concerned the policy preferences of multilateral and bilateral aid donors, and the modalities of aid given to developing countries. Without doubt, the main driver of the changes in the aid agenda has been the concern with the impact of development assistance. The issue of aid effectiveness came onto the international political agenda in the mid-1990s as a result of empirical observations on the persistence of poverty and the lack of economic development in large parts of the developing world, and analytical concerns related to the incentives for reform by developing country governments.
Several World Bank working papers (Burnside and Dollar 1997, 2004; Collier and Dollar 1999) and the report Assessing Aid (World Bank 1998) arrived at the conclusion that aid has a positive impact on growth in developing countries that have good policies and governance. The message according to the World Bank was as follows: The development strategy emerging from this view is two-pronged – put in place growth-enhancing, market-oriented policies (stable macro-economic environment, effective law and order, trade liberalization, and so on) and ensure the provision of important public services that cannot be well and equitably supplied by private markets (infrastructure services and education, for instance).
The Politics of Aid Selectivity: Good Governance Criteria in World Bank, U.S. and Dutch Development Assistance (Routledge Studies in Development EconomicsA?) by Wil Hout