By Susan Kepecs, Rani T. Alexander
In this quantity, 13 anthropological archaeologists operating in historic time frames in Mesoamerica, together with editors Susan Kepecs and Rani Alexander, holiday down the substitute barrier among archaeology and heritage through supplying new fabric proof of the transition from native-ruled, prehispanic society to the age of Spanish management. Taken jointly, the chapters contained herein hide many of the key Mesoamerican areas that at last got here below Spanish control.
The authors carry new empirical info to endure at the challenge of ways prehispanic social, political, and monetary association have been remodeled, as self sufficient Maya kingdoms, the Aztec empire (with its customer states), the Tarascans, and different extra far-off polities as soon as associated throughout the macroregional monetary net of the Postclassic interval have been forcibly included into Spain's transatlantic area. The complicated strategies of multidirectional interplay and tradition touch between Mesoamericans and Europeans are coloured by way of cultural range, tradition conflict, and sundry responses starting from lodging to resistance to lively uprising. those case stories additionally light up how local association altered the Spanish imperial procedure. finally, this quantity offers a hyperlink among prior and current, when you consider that Mesoamerican peoples proceed to barter the consequences of globalization on their societies. Susan Kepecs is an honorary fellow within the division of anthropology on the collage of Wisconsin-Madison. Rani T. Alexander is an affiliate professor within the division of sociology and anthropology at New Mexico nation collage, Las Cruces.
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Extra info for The Postclassic to Spanish-Era Transition in Mesoamerica: Archaeological Perspectives
While the map was destined for foreign eyes, perhaps never being interpreted to Europeans by a Nahuatl culture-bearer, it was itself an indigenous product, valued for its exotic details as well as the clarity of its presentation of the center of Charles V’s New Spain. 2 reveal that the disk frieze was used to indicate preciousness of several kinds. Within the city, it marked certain valuable buildings, such as mansions, or buildings with particularly important functions, such as the administrative Cabildo buildings.
A “genre tecpan” appears to the right of Cuauhtitlan, at the intersection of several roads (used by permission of the University Library of Uppsala). 1) as to presumed function: house/ administration building, church, and other building (pyramids, hospitals, mills). Most buildings in the ﬁrst category are clearly houses, but some, such as the Cabildo administration buildings on the south side of the Zócalo of Tenochtitlán–Mexico City, may have had other, more important functions; the more general category follows the functional precedent of the tecpan itself as a multifunction residential building.
Also, the disk frieze was used to communicate sanctity and/or authority, sometimes for a culturally extinct locale such as the Tenayuca serpent wall. Tecpans, Disk Friezes, and the Sanctity of the Landscape We have seen that tecpans conﬂated the ideas of sacred lords and the politically powerful places where they held oﬃce. In the Mapa de México, the disk frieze was applied to tecpan depictions and to the glyphic expressions for other important buildings. This range of sources of power for the lords echoes the range of meaning of “preciousness” that can be applied to the disk motif.
The Postclassic to Spanish-Era Transition in Mesoamerica: Archaeological Perspectives by Susan Kepecs, Rani T. Alexander