By Gertrudis Van De Vijver, Filip Geerardyn
This important new interpreting of Freud's pre-analytic texts proposes either to introduce psychoanalysis to a research-driven, interdisciplinary technique of fixing difficulties, and to open up the potential of a methodological shift within the sciences.
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Extra info for The pre-psychoanalytic writings of Sigmund Freud
Freud wrote three long monographs on cerebral palsy in children. The first of these, co-written with his life-long friend Oscar Rie (who appears in the dream of Irma's injection as 'my friend Otto') was published in 1891 (Freud & Rie 1891). It examines the unilateral paralyses of children from every conceivable point of view. It is 220 pages long, includes a bibliography of 180 titles, and details Freud's personal observations on thirty-five cases. A second monograph (1893a) appeared as a supplement to the former, and dealt with the bilateral paralyses of children.
His interpretation of this 'dynamic lesion' is two-fold. On the one hand, the clinical manifestation of hysterical aphasia seems to be determined by the idea which the patients formed for themselves of losing their voice. The exact delineated symptomatology can only be understood as the suggestive effect of the judgement: 'I have no voice', or 'I may not or cannot speak'. Therefore, the hysterical symptom is explained by the presence of an idea which is the result of suggestion. On the other hand, Charcot also comes close to the traditional theory of organic aphasia, which explains speech disorders in terms of a loss in the register of ideas or memory-images.
Concltision I shall now summarise the epistemological processes which demarcate the sphere of psychiatry. As a clinical science, psychiatry is characterised within the field of medicine by its object-the subject and his language. This object is thus of a historical order, and cannot be reduced to the rank of an object of observation or experimentation-as is the case in the natural sciences. Even if such observations or experiments were possible, an irreducible residue subsists which-due to the action of the unconscious-divides both the patient and the physician.
The pre-psychoanalytic writings of Sigmund Freud by Gertrudis Van De Vijver, Filip Geerardyn