By Svenja Kranich

ISBN-10: 9042031433

ISBN-13: 9789042031432

This e-book constitutes the 1st full-length diachronic therapy of the English revolutionary from previous English to Present-day English, targeting the the most important section of its grammaticalization among the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. It makes use of information from the British portion of ARCHER-2 (A consultant Corpus of ancient English Registers, model 2) to discover the main points of this long term grammaticalization procedure, tracing the advance of the development from a stylistic machine to a fully-fledged point marker. Illustrated through a wealth of examples, the paintings deals new effects about the hottest linguistic environments and the improvement of the services of the innovative. unlike prior reviews, the writer exhibits that there are particular regulations to context enlargement in grammaticalization. She argues convincingly that the power reluctance of the revolutionary to ensue in definite contexts doesn't element to incomplete grammaticalization, yet can as a substitute be defined as a made of its specific capabilities. the writer additionally demanding situations the guiding principle that grammaticalization is mostly followed by way of subjectification.

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Additional info for The Progressive in Modern English: A Corpus-Based Study of Grammaticalization and Related Changes

Sample text

The use of the progressive in (17b) would indeed seem to be obligatory in PDE if one wishes to refer to a situation ongoing at the speaker’s origo. That the use of the progressive in such contexts can be subsumed under time-frame is evident from Jespersen’s diagram (1931: 180): Figure 2: Jespersen’s (1931) time-frame diagram he is writing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(he has begun writing) NOW (he has not stopped writing) he was writing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(he had begun writing) THE MOMENT (he had not stopped writing) OF MY ENTERING But there is a clear difference between use in the present tense and in the past tense sphere.

Being wrong’ is always possible, regardless of the situation type. Using a progressive although the telic end-state included in the meaning of the lexical predicate never becomes true (and still ‘being right’) is, however, a characteristic limited to accomplishments. Thus, if a speaker says something like “Mary and Anne were walking to school” (adapting example 23), s/he may be considered to have made a correct assertion if Mary and Anne were indeed walking to school at TT, even if they later were kidnapped and never 46 A similar idea is mentioned by Girard (2002: 91) who asserts that “il y a bien une inférence à partir de données incomplètes, et possibilité donc d’erreur d’appréciation” (‘there is in fact an inference on the basis of incomplete information and thus the possibility of being mistaken’).

However, the idea of interruption, and thus of eventual noncompletion of the event, does not emerge from all such uses, as the following example indicates: (25) Mike was knitting a sweater, when Sue came home. After hearing or reading (25), one would not be surprised to hear later that Mike continued knitting and actually finished the sweater that night, while the examples in (18) and in (24) imply that at least one of the end states is extremely unlikely to be reached. The progressive simply does not refer to the endpoints of a situation.

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The Progressive in Modern English: A Corpus-Based Study of Grammaticalization and Related Changes by Svenja Kranich

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