By Frank M. Afflitto
The final 3 many years of the 20 th century introduced relentless waves of demise squads, political kidnappings, and different traumas to the folks of Guatemala. many of us fled the rustic to flee the violence. but, on the similar second, a favored circulation for justice introduced jointly not likely bands of behind-the-scenes heroes, blurring ethnic, geographic, or even classification strains. "The Quiet Revolutionaries" is drawn from interviews carried out by means of Frank Afflitto within the early Nineteen Nineties with greater than 80 survivors of the state-sanctioned violence. accumulated lower than usually life-threatening situations, the observations and memories of those inspiring women and men shape a special viewpoint on collective efforts to supply swap in politics, legislations, and public awareness. tested from numerous views, from sociological to ancient, their tales shape a wealthy ethnography. whereas it really is nonetheless too quickly to inform no matter if sturdy, long term democracy will succeed in Guatemala, the successes of those interesting participants offer a different figuring out of innovative resistance.
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Extra resources for The Quiet Revolutionaries: Seeking Justice in Guatemala
69 In October 1954 Guatemalans were given the opportunity to “elect” Castillo. He was the only name allowed on the ballot, and voters had the option of voting yes or no. 70 One cannot look at the CIA’s role as the only culpable one in the military coup and change of government. Eastern ladino Guatemalans were to lose status as European descendants due to the land reform that benefited the majority indigenous population in the western highlands and coastal areas. A racist dimension to ladino dissatisfaction cannot be ignored nor downplayed.
It was not necessary. -controlled radio station in Honduras broadcast tales of exaggerated victories while operatives in Guatemala did what they could to make the armed rebellion appear threatening. But, of more importance, Guatemala’s military high command approached President Arbenz and demanded his resignation. 66 On June 27, 1954, Arbenz resigned, bowing to the political and psychological terrorism that was directed at him by the United States and his own army. indb 19 5/30/07 12:43:10 PM 20 the qui e t re vol uti onari e s Enrique Díaz of the Guatemalan military.
85 Guevara, in fact, took refuge in the Venezuelan embassy in Guatemala during the 1954 coup, as he had been in the country at the time working with trade unions and a cadre of the Communist Party, studying their seemingly successful electoral influence. ” 86 Castro offered guerrilla training to the Guatemalan insurgents, and in January 1962 a small group of Guatemalan military men arrived in Cuba. Also in Cuba were a group of twenty Guatemalan students on university scholarships. 87 During the coming years, these individuals and others returned to Guatemala and attempted to duplicate Castro’s military success.
The Quiet Revolutionaries: Seeking Justice in Guatemala by Frank M. Afflitto