By Toby E. Huff
Toby Huff examines the long-standing query of why glossy technological know-how arose simply within the West and never within the civilizations of Islam and China, although medieval Islam and China have been extra scientifically complex. Huff explores the cultural contexts during which technological know-how was once practiced in Islam, China, and the West. He unearths significant clues within the background of legislations and the eu cultural revolution of the 12th and 13th centuries, as to why the ethos of technology arose within the West and accredited the leap forward to fashionable technological know-how that didn't take place in other places. First variation Hb (1993): 0-521-43496-3 First variation Pb (1995): 0-521-49833-3
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Extra resources for The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West
5 and 13. For the English case, see Christopher Hill, The Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution (Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1965), chap. 2 and passim. In Italy, see the biographical essays in Galileo: Man of Science, ed. Ernan McMullin (New York: Basic Books, 1967); Stillman Drake, ed. , Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo (New York: Doubleday, 1957); and Giorgio de Santillana's discussions in The Crime of Galileo (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955). This is a repeated theme in both medieval Islamic and Judaic thought, as seen in the writings of Averroes and Maimonides.
The formulation of this broader conception of the role of the scientist as a role-set should serve to suggest that the various generic elements of the scientist's position are embedded in an institutional history and that these elements evolved over time and at different rates. One must also note that there are a great many specialized practitioners - astronomers, astrologers, mathematicians, physicists, chemists, opticians, biologists, physicians, and so forth - who each may claim the title of scientist.
Without these cultural and institutional formations (as has been suggested) there can be no scientific role. The role of the scientist is in fact a construct composed of a complementary array of role performances that are essential and indispensable to the status of the scientist. The formulation of this broader conception of the role of the scientist as a role-set should serve to suggest that the various generic elements of the scientist's position are embedded in an institutional history and that these elements evolved over time and at different rates.
The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West by Toby E. Huff