By Tim Rayborn
The suggestion of Christianity as a faith of peace was once seriously established in the course of the center a while, whilst killing within the identify of God turned a sanctified act. during this e-book, Tim Rayborn strains the improvement of the early Crusades, Christian perspectives of warfare and violence, and its attitudes towards Islam, essentially through the turbulent interval of the eleventh and twelfth centuries (with a few awareness to previous centuries). A marked shift in Christian perceptions of its personal identification coincided with a significantly extra martial and competitive method of nonbelievers either in and out of Europe.
This wide-ranging learn comprises such issues because the historical past to the 1st campaign, the Knights Templar, Bernard of Clairvaux, the Cistercian Order, the works of Peter the Venerable, apocalyptic hopes and fears, and martyrdom within the context of Christian conflicts with Islam. concentrating on French monastic writings, the ebook additionally examines papal files, Spanish polemics, campaign chronicles, and different works. it is a survey of analysis on those very important matters, and serves as either a reference paintings and some degree of departure for additional research.
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Additional info for The Violent Pilgrimage : Christians, Muslims and Holy Conflicts, 850–1150
Another important topicaJ geme in tbe oiotb ceolUIy. -sahilba)' became an imponant statement of Sunni belief. lbD HaahaI thus coIlected aß the hadiths he could find in which the Prophet dcscribed the excellence or special characteristics of each CompauiDD in bis Fadii 'ü al-Jahäba. Al-Nasä 1 also wrote a shorter FoJD 'U aJ-sahabtJ work as weU as a badith coUection specifically dc'IJoted 10 'Ali's vinues (Kho&ä 'i3 'Ali). Althougb onIy a few books were written in the genre, books of ~,. . '~ or tbe virtues and characteristics of the Prophet, were exttemety popuJar in Islamic civilizatiOD.
These books of 'sunna · contained Prophetie hadiths and reports from respected early Muslims that exhorted readers to derive their understanding of religion solely from the revealed texts of the Quran and Sunna while avoiding the heretical pitfalls of speculative reasoning about God, His attributes and the nature ofthe afterlife. Ild ll1Dtb ccnturies: a reliance on transmined lmow ledge instead of spcculative reasooing, a rejectioD of the ai-ra y legal scbool an atfumatioo that aU tbe Companions of the Prophet were uprigbt (bur dII8l the best WeR Abü 8ak:r, 'Umar, 'Uthmän then 'Ali), aod political quiaism.
Al-Tabarl Cd. 923) (Tahdhib al-älhär). Abü Hltim Ill-Räzi (d. 890), Abü Zur'a al-Rizi (d. 1 Transmission nnd Criticism ofHadiths (rom Lhc Companions oflhe Prophet and Successors 70UCE [ 9 5' ~ n-- :J. c. , n ,;~ ::!. ~. CIl Ci no a,~ n _ _. , 0 870 CE , ~ [ s: The transmission and co/lection 0/ Prophetie Traditions 25 TRANSCRIPTS OF LEGAL DEBATES: THE EMERGENCE OF AIUSANNAF COLLECTIONS Ifwe imagine the world of Islam in the early and mid eighth cenrury CE, the next stage ofhadith literature appears as a direC1 reflection of Muslim scholarly discourse of the time.
The Violent Pilgrimage : Christians, Muslims and Holy Conflicts, 850–1150 by Tim Rayborn