By Gessica De Angelis
3rd or extra Language Acquisition examines learn at the acquisition of languages past the L2 inside of 4 major parts of inquiry: crosslinguistic effect, multilingual speech creation versions, the multilingual lexicon and the impression of bi/multilingualism on cognitive improvement.
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Additional info for Third or Additional Language Acquisition
The question becomes more complex and challenging whenever learners are familiar with languages that belong to the same language family, but not to the same subgroup within the family. In this case, the evidence shows the following two general tendencies. First, learners continue to rely on the languages more closely related to the target, irrespective of whether these are first or non-native languages. Second, learners no longer elect one language as the preferred source of information and may rely on more than one language at the same time.
As we have seen, exposure to a nonnative language environment may have an immediate effect, as was the case for Stedje’s (1977) learners. On the other hand, exposure can also inﬂuence the language of thought at a later time. Cohen (1995) explains that memory of a non-native language can be triggered by factors such as when the language was spoken, with whom, and in what situation. e. ). During a period of residence in a non-native language environment, many personal experiences are bound to be memorized, but when learners leave the non-native language environment, they may face some difﬁculty in recalling those experiences if in the meantime ﬂuency in the non-native language has decreased.
Some studies have suggested that transfer phenomena can vary depending on the semantic 43 'H $QJHOLV 37JNT[G 44 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 3DJH Third or Additional Language Acquisition weight of the words concerned. More speciﬁcally, researchers have found that content words (nouns, verbs, numerals, adjectives and most adverbs) and function words (prepositions, determiners, conjunctions and pronouns) from the L1 and the non-native languages are not equally relied upon during the production process.
Third or Additional Language Acquisition by Gessica De Angelis