By Dr David L. Lentz, Dr Nicholas P. Dunning, Dr Vernon L. Scarborough
The first theoretical query addressed during this publication specializes in the lingering difficulty of ways the traditional Maya within the northern Petén Basin have been capable of maintain huge populations in the course of a tropical wooded area surroundings throughout the overdue vintage interval. This e-book asks how agricultural intensification used to be accomplished and the way crucial assets, comparable to water and woodland items, have been controlled in either upland components and seasonal wetlands, or bajos. All of those actions have been crucial elements of an at the start sustainable land use method that finally did not meet the calls for of an escalating inhabitants. This spiraling disconnect with sound ecological ideas absolutely contributed to the Maya cave in. The book's findings offer insights that develop the certainty of the increase of social complexity - the growth of the political financial system, in particular - and, in most cases phrases, the trajectory of cultural evolution of the traditional Maya civilization.
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Extra resources for Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City
Other terms used for this forest assemblage include “bajo forest” (Lundell 1937), “low marsh forest” (Wright et al. 1959), and “tintal bajo” (Ford 1986). Trees in this assemblage are typically 3–10 m in height, with Haematoxylum campechianum L. and Croton billbergianus Müll. Arg. ), is often present. A large variety of transitional forest types exist between the upland forest and scrub swamp forest extremes. Such transitional forests typically resemble upland forest in their structure, but with a lower canopy and species composition that also includes examples of scrub forest types.
Likewise, staff members at Tikal National Park, namely, Benito Burgos, Marco Tulio Castellanos, Mirta Cano, Luis García, and Beto Tesucún, were extremely kind in sharing their expertise and knowledge of the park. Two of Guatemala’s preeminent archaeologists, Drs. Barbara Arroyo and Vilma Fialko, freely shared ideas and information; without their advice and support, this project might not have come to fruition. Also, Oswaldo Gómez, another archaeologist working at Tikal, was extremely kind and shared data and advice in a spirit of true academic camaraderie.
The Maya Lowlands of Central America have been especially affected by this research trajectory with past generations of exploration coveting the often-serendipitous discovery of a pyramid complex, palace structure, or set of Classic period stelae. The forces drawing the archaeologist to those tombs/rooms with “yes, wonderful things” (Howard Carter’s oft-quoted, perhaps apocryphal words upon opening Tutankhamen’s tomb) continue to influence interpretations – likely disproportionately affecting an assessment of the overall social and economic development of ancient Maya culture.
Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City by Dr David L. Lentz, Dr Nicholas P. Dunning, Dr Vernon L. Scarborough