By Constantine R. Campbell
Constantine R. Campbell keeps the paintings all started in his earlier quantity, Verbal point, the Indicative temper, and Narrative: Soundings within the Greek of the hot testomony. during this e-book, he investigates the functionality of verbal element in non-indicative Greek verbs, that are of serious value for the interpretation and exegesis of Biblical texts. Campbell demonstrates that the version built in his first quantity presents robust energy of reason behind the workings of non-indicative verbs, and demanding situations many of the conclusions reached through past scholarship.
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Extra resources for Verbal Aspect and Non-Indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament
J tw/n pipraskome,nwn There was not a needy person among them, because those who owned lands or houses sold them and brought the proceeds of what was sold… The action of selling the houses would have to occur (and be completed) before the proceeds of the sales could be presented to the apostles for distribution, thus this present participle does seem to indicate antecedent action akin to the aorist participle. However, this may be a case of an apparently rare type of attendant circumstance, which is imperfective in nature rather than the usual aorist-based perfective construction.
O` VIhsou/j ei=pen\ eva/te e[wj tou,tou\ kai. ’ And he touched his ear and healed him. These examples illustrate a widespread construction, in which the aorist participle avpokriqei,j precedes the aorist indicative ei=pen. The participle is never intended to express antecedent temporal reference in such instances: to answer before speaking is nonsensical. As all translations of this phenomenon implicitly recognize, the participle is coordinate with the indicative verb; the answering occurs at the same time as the speaking.
Dedeme,noj evgw. m ta. evn auvth/| sunanth,sonta, moi mh. 36 If we understand this observation to be describing punctiliar Aktionsart resulting from perfective aspect, we see that the aspectual nature of the future participle is identical to its indicative counterpart. It was argued that the future indicative is consistently future referring, as well as perfective in aspect. 37 This concern does not undermine the present analysis since the future participle is here regarded as encoding relative futurity, and thus is distinguished from the aorist participle, which is purely aspectual.
Verbal Aspect and Non-Indicative Verbs: Further Soundings in the Greek of the New Testament by Constantine R. Campbell