By Maryann Overstreet
This cutting edge paintings offers the 1st entire account of normal extenders (''or something,'' ''and stuff,'' ''or whatever''). Combining insights from linguistics, cognitive psychology, and interactional sociolinguistics, the writer demonstrates that those small words aren't easily imprecise expressions, yet have a strong function in making interpersonal communique paintings. The viewers for this booklet contains linguists, students of English, academics of English as a primary and a moment language, sociolinguists, psycholinguists, and communications researchers.
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Additional resources for Whales, Candlelight, and Stuff Like That: General Extenders in English Discourse
Cruse 1986; Givon 1984; Grace 1987; Jackendoff 1985; Labov 1973; G. , Cicourel 1974, Sacks 1992). 2. The classical view. 3. The Wittgenstein view. " The contemporary view of categorization refutes nearly every aspect of the classical view. Among the first scholars to challenge the classical view was Wittgenstein (1953), who proposed that concepts (or categories) are fuzzy-edged, or "uncircumscribed" (1953, vol. 1: 70). Wittgenstein argued that, rather than finding a property common to all members of a category by virtue of which we group them together, an examination of our concepts reveals "a complicated network of similarities overlapping and criss-crossing: sometimes overall similarities, sometimes similarities of detail" (1953, vol.
Sara: Yea//h. " There are two general extenders that are elaborated on in this excerpt: and everything in turn 7, and or something in turn 10. In turn 7, Sara reports John's description of what he wants a girlfriend for. In Sara's report of John's description, the and everything includes hanging out, getting drunk, and making out, but not having sex. " Category Implication 41 The second example of a perspicuous case in excerpt  is found in turns 10 and 12. In turn 10 Maya says: Everybody I know wants some kind of soft parts rubbed up against their soft parts.
The cartoon depicts a teenager in baggy clothes, leaning against a lamppost and listening to a Walkman. The headline of a newspaper lying at his feet is: Cities fight truancy. The caption above his head says:  I usually, like, spend my day nan gin' out on the street, listenin' to tunes, bummin' with friends and stuff . . but when the school-year ends, I try to relax more! (Honolulu Advertiser, 14 July 1996) In addition to being young and poorly educated, this teenager is portrayed as sloppy and lazy—and likely to say and stuff.
Whales, Candlelight, and Stuff Like That: General Extenders in English Discourse by Maryann Overstreet